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25 Best CBD Oil For 2022

CBD oil is one of the hottest industries out there, and with the rise in demand comes a rise in supply.

Since CBD was legalized in late 2018, hundreds of new companies have cropped up to sell CBD oil to the masses. And for good reason: People around the world are using CBD in a variety of ways to improve their overall health and wellness.

If you’re hoping to reap the greatest benefits from CBD oil, it’s important to buy a quality product, but it’s not always easy to discern which CBD oils make the cut and which don’t. For one thing, it’s hard to know how to compare CBD oils. You want to get the highest quality product for your money, but how do you know you’re buying from a company you can trust?

How to choose the best CBD oil

Important factors to consider when buying CBD oil include potency, purity, value and quality, as well as where the CBD has been sourced from. Other areas to take into account are the company’s customer-service and business practices.

For instance, CBD products don’t legally have to be tested for purity and proper THC levels, but the best companies do so to ensure quality and transparency. Trustworthy companies are also careful not to make wild or unfounded claims about their products. Instead, they offer thoughtful and straightforward descriptions and let their customers be the judge.

To help consumers who are interested in purchasing CBD oil, CBD Scout has created this comprehensive guide of the 25 best CBD oils for sale right now. You can rest assured that these brands check all the boxes when it comes to producing the best CBD oil currently available on the market.

Named the #1 best CBD oil by both Rolling Stone and Merry Jane, Penguin has the cleanest and most potent oil on the market. Having analyzed their lab reports, we can’t help but agree.

Penguin sets themselves apart from the rest by offering a well-rounded selection of high-quality CBD products at affordable prices. They go above and beyond with crafting their products — something that’s all too rare in the CBD market.

To begin with, they use only the best possible ingredients to formulate their broad-spectrum CBD oil, which strikes a balance between giving consumers the benefits of the “entourage effect” while avoiding the potential risks of THC.

Because all of Penguin’s products are completely THC free, you can maintain peak mental performance while accessing the health and wellness benefits of CBD, without worrying about triggering a bad result on a drug test from ingesting THC.

Penguin’s CBD oil comes in four different potencies and five refreshing flavors, so you can find the just the right combination to fit your needs and tastes.

Another plus is that all of Penguin’s CBD oil comes from hemp farmed in Oregon, and the quality of their products is backed up with independent lab testing. This means that their CBD-infused products have zero pesticides or other harmful chemicals.

CBD Scout loved Penguin’s delicious CBD gummies , which are the perfect combination of sweet and tangy. Their CBD capsules are a great option for anyone looking for convenient and portable CBD dosages. And if you’re seeking to gain the benefits of CBD applied directly to the skin, their CBD cream has the soothing, anti-inflammatory benefits you’re looking for.

Penguin is all about creating a well-informed and supportive online retail space that offers lots of in-depth information and consumer education about CBD. Their website is easy to navigate, and provides detailed information on each product. All orders ship for free (a big plus in our book!), and they have a generous 30-day return policy for all products. They also have highly responsive and friendly customer service.

Everest has made a big name for themselves in a short amount of time. That’s because they focus on quality above all else. From the quality of their products to the quality of their customer service, they’re all about providing the most satisfying experience possible.

Everest’s CBD oil is a fine example of their dedication to quality. It’s a full-spectrum blend that lives up to the “full” part. Every dose is packed with a substantial amount of other cannabinoids, including a full 2mg of THC with every dose. If you’re skeptical about that claimed amount, then you can check the lab results directly from the product page on their website.

Their oil comes in a 1500mg strength bottle, with 25mg of CBD per dose. It’s available in a mouth-watering blueberry flavor. You get free shipping with every order, and can save an additional 20% if you sign up with their subscription service.

FOCL is a premium CBD brand based out of Los Angeles and Denver. Their ultra pure CBD Drops (AKA tinctures) are delicious, highly effective, and get rave reviews from loyal customers. They have an excellent reputation for high quality ingredients, amazing flavors, and fair pricing.

FOCL CBD Drops are made with organic ingredients, non-gmo, vegan, and THC-free , so you can relax, recover, and focus with peace of mind.

In terms of taste, they are hands down one of the best we’ve tried. They have a variety of flavors and strengths to choose from. In terms of value, we highly recommend their 2000mg CBD Drops .

All FOCL products are made in the USA, GMP Certified, and are extensively tested by third party labs (test results available on FOCL’s website), so you can rest assured knowing that there are no harmful toxins, heavy metals, or pesticides in any of their products.

The team at FOCL (short for Focus) is passionate about wellness and obsessed with producing products that actually work. In addition to their top rated CBD drops, they also have premium CBD gummies, relief cream and unique wellness formulas designed specifically for Focus, Sleep, Pain Relief and Immunity. For extra savings, try one of their 3-pack bundles .

R+R Medicinals is quickly becoming one of the most trusted and popular CBD brands by proving one thing – they make the CBD that works. Using supercritical CO2 extraction on their proprietary Cherry strain of USDA Certified Organic hemp, they yield an unparalleled profile of cannabinoids, terpenes, and other phytonutrients in their products that translate into guaranteed performance. Their 1000mg Fresh Mint Tincture is their best seller and of incredible value at $46.99 for a Full-Spectrum product. R+R boasts impressive levels of CBD, CBG, CBC, CBN, CBL, and more in their products, so you can truly feel the entourage effect. They also publish third party certificates of analysis on their site for every batch they make, so you can verify the potency and safety of their CBD products.

You will not find a higher value brand to get the most bang for your buck, and there are hundreds of 5-star ratings on Google to back it! They also offer subscriptions, free shipping, in-house customer service, loyalty rewards, and a 30-Day Risk Free Trial on all purchases.

Observer ranked Colorado Botanicals as the #1 CBD company to buy from in 2021, and after learning more about this forward-thinking brand, we understand why.

The company sets itself apart from other CBD companies in two key ways – its proprietary purification process and its intense focus on terpenes. Most CBD brands use high heat to remove chlorophyll, fats, and waxes from their products, but this approach burns off all the terpenes and other essential compounds in CBD. Instead, Colorado Botanicals uses a pharmaceutical chemical separation process that leaves terpenes intact while simultaneously removing all traces of THC.

Terpenes matter because they have a host of healing properties and, when terpenes are present with cannabinoids, receptor activity is higher, meaning more powerful CBD effects. Because Colorado Botanicals’ purification and extraction process naturally retains hemp-derived terpenes, they don’t need to add them from other plants. When terpenes are added (versus preserved), they can dilute the final product and introduce unwanted compounds, resulting in less effective CBD.

However, what really stood out was Colorado Botanicals’ transparency about the amount of terpenes in its CBD. The brand’s broad-spectrum products are tested by third-party labs (ProVerde Laboratories, SC Labs, and FESA Labs), its lab results are posted on its website, and those results show that its products actually contain terpenes. We’ve reviewed a lot of CBD companies, many of whom claim to have terpenes in their products, but it’s extremely rare to encounter a company that shows proof.

Even more impressive, its products are manufactured in an ISO 9001:2015, cGMP-compliant facility, ensuring its product offering meets the highest available standards.

Our favorite Colorado Botanicals product is the brand’s 750 mg Broad Spectrum CBD Oil , which contains 25mg of CBD per serving and comes unflavored or in a delicious peppermint flavor. The brand also sells 1,500mg and 3,000mg bottles as well as gummies, topicals, softgels, and pet products. Additionally, all Colorado Botanicals products are backed by a 60-day risk-free trial. Regardless of which item you pick, you’re getting amazing value, high quality, and a truly excellent product.

Leaf Remedys CBD oils are sub zero extracted from the highest quality organically grown Colorado hemp. The advantage of this extraction method is that a high-quality hemp plant can become a full spectrum extract without any further extractions resulting in a more preserved and purer Full Spectrum oil retaining all the natural cannabinoids and terpenes. High quality full spectrum extract is a much more promising therapeutic choice than an oil extracted using other extraction methods and chemical processing which results in a full spectrum oil more known as a distillate Full Spectrum that is not as effective as a true Full Spectrum like leaf remedys full spectrum. They also offer an Broad Spectrum oil for those with THC sensitivity or are worried about the small THC content in Full Spectrum oil due to employment reasons. The THC is removed from their Broad Spectrum oils with an organic process which preserves a lot of the cannabinoids and terpenes. Leaf Remedys is a brand dedicated to the cause and proud to offer an all-American product at a very fair price. Their oils are offered at 500mg, 1000mg, and 2000mg strengths. They also offer a 1000mg CBD gel, and 50mg Full Spectrum CBD Gummies which is one of the highest on the market.

· High quality Full and broad-spectrum oils

· Free shipping Anywhere in the united states

Verma Farms is the highest quality CBD Oil we’ve come across, and we’ve seen a lot. The ingredients are top-notch. Everything is completely natural, organic, and use broad-spectrum CBD. Furthermore, we have no idea how they could make a CBD oil taste so good, but they did. The company brings a “Hawaiian approach” to making their CBD oils, which is shown through their fun and playful branding. They also have a deep respect for nature, as they use only sustainably grown hemp for their extracts.

The broad-spectrum CBD oil that Verma Farms produces comes in a variety of distinct formulas, with their oil pack being the most popular. These are named after their intended uses: Chill , Focus and Boost . Each is made with all-natural ingredients to help you relax, regain your mental clarity or heighten your energy levels.

If you’re looking for the highest-quality CBD oil on the market, Verma Farms is your brand.

BATCH is an extremely reputable brand that has a committed focus to highly effective products. With an obsessive attention to detail, BATCH is one of the few companies that actually controls their entire supply chain from farm to shelf. As a result, they specially craft premium products using only the finest ingredients, but without the high price tags.

Their oils are all full-spectrum and range from 500 mg all the way to 3000 mg. Try the CLARITY blend to start your day, or the CALM blend when it’s time to unwind and destress. If you find yourself staring at the ceiling at night, their most popular DREAM blend helps you blissfully drift off. Ingredients are kept to a minimum, focusing strongly on science and function, not fluff.

All products are tested for contaminants and purity by a third party lab, and even tested a second time in their internal lab. BATCH’s attention to detail has become well noticed among the industry from their consistent quality to their unique hemp board packaging. Plus, they plant a tree for every bottle that is sold!

Use code DiscoverOil for 20% off your order from Batch!

Green Roads is a Florida based CBD company manufacturing and offering natural, high-quality hemp-derived CBD products. Green Roads is on a mission to help every person find the healthiest version of themselves through the power of plants.

Green Roads CBD Oils are some of the most popular, most awarded, and most trusted in the industry! The do not contain artificial colors, flavors, and are Vegan & Gluten-free. Each sweet, flavored bottle is pharmacist-formulated, with a premium blend of hemp-derived cannabinoid extracts.

Most CBD brands only use two ingredients to make their oils: MCT oil and CBD. Green Roads has a custom formula, perfected over several years, that includes vegetable glycerin, sunflower oil, MCT oil, hemp seed oil, and more. Browse their selection of their most popular Full Spectrum and Broad Spectrum oils to find the perfect CBD strength and flavor for your daily wellness routine. They also offer Free Shipping with purchases over $50.

Since 2017, Sunday Scaries has solely focused on making products for stress & anxiety. We recommend their flagship broad spectrum CBD oil tincture because of its natural & effective ingredients. Using their own proprietary blend of Broad Spectrum CBD, Vitamin D3 (the sunshine vitamin), Vitamin B12 and coconut oil, their CBD oil tincture is ideal for everyday stress management.

What’s more: Sunday Scaries’s mission to promote a “Scarefree”, worry-free life permeates throughout their business. Their 97% customer service rating is always handled in-house, by a member of their team. And since inception, Sunday Scaries has always offered a 100% lifetime money back guarantee, so there’s no buying risk.

Sunday Scaries mission is to ensure their customers never feel alone in their daily battle against anxiety. And whether through laughter, customer service or effective CBD products, they’re wholly dedicated to that cause.

As one Allure editor put it: “I put a third of a dropper (around 10 milligrams of CBD) under my tongue, waited 30 seconds, swallowed, and within 30 minutes I felt rested and calm, my breathing became regular and I felt zen within myself at an hour when my anxiety would normally be ski high.” < reference >

Try Sunday Scaries vitamin-boosted, CBD oil tincture today with Discover Magazine’s exclusive 20% off code: NoStress .

In just about every compass of overall quality, including sourcing hemp, research involvement, clean and effective formulations, testing standards, certifications and much more, Medterra CBD makes it very difficult to find any gaps. Medterra has been well known for their flagship products like their CBD isolate and Broad-Spectrum products and now have Full Spectrum available making them a one stop shop for CBD needs. With 2mg of THC and a 5:1 ratio of CBD to other beneficial cannabinoids, their True Full Spectrum CBD drops are the most advanced tincture on the market. Unlike most Full Spectrum oils that contain only trace amounts of THC, Medterra’s new Full-Spectrum tinctures combine CBD with a significant amount of THC (2mg).What does that mean for you? Effects that not only kick in faster but also last much longer. This is because when you combine CBD with THC and other minor cannabinoids, you get an entourage effect that magnifies the benefits of each plant compound. If quality and effectiveness are what you are looking for, Medterra’s Full Spectrum oil is for you.

Use code: DM15 for 15% off Full Spectrum products until 5/19/21!

They have a wide variety of options when it comes to oils, providing both CBD isolate, as well as broad spectrum for maximum blend of active. Their oils come in two flavors, natural and mint, and four different potencies, 300mg, 750mg, 1500mg and 3000mg. The 3000mg tincture broad spec provides the maximum therapeutic benefits, at the best value. Whether it is to provide a much-needed sense of relaxation or to help relieve issues associated with normal daily exercise and activity or even to maintain physical and mental wellbeing, daily usage will promote overall health and wellness in your everyday life.

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Try The CBD is one of the most popular CBD product manufacturers online. With over 5000 glittering reviews, they are worth checking out.

At their store, you can get full-spectrum and THC-free , and most recently, broad-spectrum CBG and CBN oil as well. You can choose from a wide range of potencies, starting at 200mg to 5000mg CBD per bottle to best fit your needs.

Moreover, Try The CBD offers a special discount for specific users such as veterans, military, students, people with low income, and people with disabilities. Even if you are not eligible for this discount, you can still get their products at a reasonable price and get an excellent value for money.

This Colorado brand doesn’t take chances with quality and uses only organic hemp from sustainable sources to extract the CBD through a CO2 extraction method. On top of that, they add only natural ingredients and flavors.

An independent third-party lab carefully tests each batch of products for potency, purity, and quality, and the lab results are posted regularly on their website.

Additionally, scanning a QR code on every product takes you directly to the lab results page. Fast shipping of their products is another great thing about this brand. You can buy CBD oil from this brand without any doubt.

Sustainable Hemp source – organically grown in Colorado

Full-spectrum and THC-free CBD oil

Broad-spectrum CBG and CBN oil

Special discount for military, veterans, students, and low-income families

Lab-tested for quality and purity.

Nanocraft stands out from the crowd by guaranteeing specific levels of minor cannabinoids such as CBN, CBG, and CBC (a rare feat in the hemp world). Several of their products are enhanced by added doses of these powerful minor cannabinoids. Their Certificates of Analysis show these impressive levels of minor cannabinoids.

Professional athletes (including Olympic snowboarders and UFC champions) as well as everyday weekend warriors are trusting Nanocraft to provide the highest level of physical and mental support. With 0% THC and organically grown hemp, Nanocraft is one of the safest and most effective brands on the market. As an added bonus, they donate a dollar from every order toward helping children in need.

Cornbread Hemp believes you deserve the best quality of life. That’s why they provide the highest quality full spectrum CBD oils in America, building on 250 years of Kentucky’s unparalleled hemp tradition. Their USDA organic CBD oils are carefully extracted to obtain CBD, minor cannabinoids, and up to 0.3% THC – the way nature intended.

Don’t settle for low-quality CBD oils made from CBD isolate or “whole plant” extract. Cornbread Hemp makes their CBD oil from hemp flowers, never the stems and leaves, or “aerial parts.” That means Cornbread Hemp doesn’t need to add flavoring to mask the taste of their CBD oils, because there’s nothing to hide!

Cornbread Hemp’s CBD oils are free of preservatives, sweeteners, GMO’s, and gluten. To ensure the highest level of safety and transparency, every item is protected by a tamper-proof holographic seal and third-party lab reports. Use code DM20 for 20% off!

five™ CBD might be a newer company, but the founders of this emerging CBD brand have been in the industry for years. five™ CBD was launched with a specific mission. To redefine full-spectrum CBD. With a belief that the CBD revolution should really be referred to as the hemp revolution, five™ has set out to show that there’s much more to hemp than CBD. The name five™ comes from the brand’s promise to use hemp’s fullest potential, as each of their products contains a 5:1 ratio of CBD to THC, CBN, CBC, and other beneficial cannabinoids and terpenes. This is a truly full-spectrum CBD product made the way nature intended.

five’s™ tinctures come in 1500mg, 3000mg and 6000mg tinctures available delicious flavors like in citrus, lavender and mint chocolate. Each Tincture has 60-115mg of THC depending on the milligram size you purchase!

Try five™ CBD today with discount code “DISCOVERFIVE” for 10% off.

If you’re looking for a CBD company that thinks like you, Wild Theory CBD Co. is your place. Founded by owners of a nutritional supplement store, Wild Theory was created based on the demands of their consumers. When it comes to finding the right CBD, quality, purity, and trustworthiness are fundamental aspects — and Wild Theory delivers on all three at an affordable price!

Wild Theory CBD Co. has dug itself a foothold among top CBD competitors by producing high quality CBD that’s affordable and locally sourced. They’re able to boost their local economy while providing fresh, locally-grown organic hemp in each of their products.

Our favorite product? Check out Wild Theory’s Black Label Hemp Extract Extra (1000mg) for a full spectrum CBD oil that supports your whole health with whole-plant hemp compounds. Not only does this CBD oil pack an extra powerful dose of 1000mg of CBD, but it also includes cannabinoids, terpenes, and whole-plant compounds. Talk about a powerful Entourage Effect.

They don’t stop there, though. They’ve also created a premium line of CBD topicals , and specialized CBD+CBG and CBN oil blends that specifically target customer health concerns, like occasional pain, sleep, and anxiety.

Wild Theory CBD Co. is determined to aid in your journey towards wellness, and after trying their therapeutic products, it’s safe to say you’ll enjoy the ride.

Use promo code discover20 for 20% off your order!

This doctor formulated CBD Oil Tincture will knock your socks off! Or rather, it’ll feel like you just put a pair of warm, cozy socks on right out of the dryer. Allow this carefully-crafted, cannabinoid-rich, broad-spectrum CBD oil tincture to melt away the stress of your day so you can relax and feel calmer.

This formulation consists of a unique array of organically-grown ingredients infused with beneficial terpenes. In HempFusion’s CBD Oil Tincture, you’ll find:

• Broad-spectrum CBD grown from DNA-verified heirloom hemp

• Virgin organic black cumin seed oil

• MCT oil derived from coconuts

• Organic peppermint oil

HempFusion’s doctor-created, doctor-recommended CBD tinctures, topicals, and capsules are the perfect option for everyday wellness support.

Founded by Tamra & Eddie Judge, Vena CBD offers some of the highest quality isolate and Full Spectrum CBD oils on the market. With three different strengths: 500mg, 1000mg, and 3000mg, Vena’s CBD Isolate Oils offer something for everyone whether you’re a CBD first-timer or a long-time user. Vena’s CBD Isolate Oils are praised for their neutral taste, allowing users to easily incorporate it into their daily wellness routines. With over 500 reviews Vena’s CBD Isolate Oils are a fan favorite for the brand and customers note using it for relaxation, inflammation, pain management, discomfort, and daily wellness.

For those who are interested in Full Spectrum CBD oils, Vena’s two strengths of mint-flavored Full Spectrum Oil are not only refreshingly delicious, but noticeably impactful. Offered in 1500mg and 3500mg strengths, Vena’s Full Spectrum oils offer potent levels of cannabinoids to ensure maximum benefits and are loved for their clean ingredient profile and natural mint flavor. If you’re looking for clean, natural formulas that pack a good punch – Vena’s CBD oils are for you.

Are you ready to up your CBD game? Assuming so — and the answer to that question should always be Yes! — Pure Craft CBD is the obvious go-to. This dynamic company is all about innovative, good-for-you products and offers a full selection of premium CBD oil drops, gummies, softgels, and topicals. Several things set Pure Craft apart from the crowd: advanced nano-CBD that has incredible bioavailability, all natural ingredients, and specialty formulations to support sleep, immunity, and pets. Customers consistently give Pure Craft’s products rave reviews, especially for the flavors and smooth, fast-acting results. Pure Craft CBD definitely delivers an awesome experience and excellent value.

Because of all these wonderful attributes, Pure Craft’s CBD oil drops are total standouts. Available as tinctures and water-solubles, you can choose from plenty of tantalizing tastes — like vanilla, mint, and fruit flavors — and doses. The sleep support variety features melatonin while the pet formula’s just CBD oil and MCT carrier oil. Yummy, rapid results, effective — give Pure Craft CBD oil drops a try today.

NuLeaf Naturals likes to keep things simple. This Colorado-based company grows their own organic hemp and they offer a CBD oil with just two ingredients. Their CBD oil has a strong hemp flavor, with nothing to cover up the natural earthy taste of cannabis. Even its product bottles are more functional than pretty.

However, their CBD oil checks all the boxes when it comes to quality and transparency. Because these products are highly concentrated, applications are geared toward the therapeutic, rather than mood or lifestyle enhancement.

Charlotte’s Web is one of the most recognized CBD brands out there, thanks in part to their origin story. Their high-CBD, low-THC strain was cultivated to help the Figi family treat their daughter, Charlotte, who had a severe seizure condition. Charlotte’s story has profoundly impacted the cannabis industry, and the company is still popular and beloved today.

They are sometimes dinged for being more expensive than comparable products, and for having customer service that’s a little on the slow side. However, when they do respond, their answers are always friendly, helpful and thorough.

WillowCBD is a premium CBD brand that offers high quality, Colorado-grown hemp-derived tinctures, topicals, and gummies.

All of WillowCBD’s products are developed using an organic sub-zero extraction method to produce unparalleled full spectrum CBD that is potent, clean and effective. Willow’s products are tested by a third party lab for contaminants and have certifications posted directly on their website for review.

Only full spectrum products are sold by WillowCBD in order to provide the “entourage effect”, a phenomenon that only occurs when all of the cannabinoids are present within CBD and synergistically heighten the therapeutic effects that CBD provides.

WillowCBD offers their CBD oils in 500mg, 1000mg and 2000mg dosages in natural, mint and citrus flavors. They also sell a 600mg CBD cream that comes in a fan favorite lavender scent and is touted for its soothing smell, fast absorption and calming effect. And lastly, WillowCBD also has CBD gummies available for those that are looking for a more exciting way to consume CBD and it’s one of the more potent gummies on the market coming in at 50mg per gummy.

CBDistillery cannabis has a loyal following of people who swear by their CBD oil. They offer a 99 percent pure CBD isolate that customers have used to address a number of chronic conditions. CBDistillery employees seem passionate and knowledgeable, and they offer a low-price option for first-time CBD users. The only big check against them is they don’t state where their hemp is sourced from, just that it’s grown in the U.S.

CBDfx has been one of the top brands in all of CBD since 2014. Their success can be traced back to the purity of their products. All CBDfx CBD oil is organic, American-grown (which means very strict guidelines), and extracted using ultra-clean CO2. The purity of their product is reflected in the third-party lab reports they make readily available for all of their products. So, you know you’re getting truly best-in-class CBD oil with CBDfx products.

The CBD + CBN Oil Calming Tincture is a potent blend of full spectrum CBD (that is, containing all of the cannabinoids and terpenes found in the hemp plant) and CBN, known as the “ultimate relaxation cannabinoid.” They complete this powerful ingredient profile with a proprietary blend of calming terpenes to create a truly remarkable relaxation tincture. Hold it under your tongue and inside 20 minutes, you’ll feel incredibly relaxed, allowing you to either drift off to a deep sleep or to simply chill out.

CBDfx’s calming tincture is available in five strengths, ranging from 500mg to a whopping 6000mg CBD. It’s priced quite reasonably for a CBD of this quality. It’s truly top-shelf stuff and we happily recommend it!

Use code Discover20 for 20% off

Veritas Farms is a Florida-based company that farms and processes its hemp in Pueblo, Colorado. A publicly traded company, Veritas Farms distributes its products in over 1,500 U.S. stores thanks to major deals with Kroger, CVS and Southeastern Grocers.

Despite its large-scale production, Veritas Farms has successfully scaled to a high level of production without sacrificing quality. If you have food sensitivities or health concerns, be aware that they do have undisclosed ingredients in the CBD oil — the phrase “natural ingredients” is included on the label for flavored CBD tinctures. Inquire more about these ingredients if you have any concerns.

FOCL premium CBD Drops are ranked among the best in the industry by Healthline and get rave reviews from loyal customers. Their tinctures, AKA “CBD Drops” have an excellent reputation for high quality ingredients, amazing flavors and fair pricing.

In particular, their Orange Cream and Fresh Mint flavors are fan favorites and seem to have a cult following among wellness influencers and celebrities. They also have a Natural flavor that has no taste, which makes it perfect for mixing with coffee or your favorite smoothie.

Beyond great taste, we were very impressed with the ingredients, rich cannabinoid profile and extensive third party testing. It’s obvious that FOCL doesn’t cut corners and goes above and beyond to produce the best products possible. Here are a few key things to know about their CBD Drops.

● True Broad Spectrum (test results show a robust profile of minor cannabinoids)

● USA hemp farmed using organic and sustainable practices

● Organic MCT Oil (from coconuts)

● Ultra clean natural flavors

● Naturally sweetened with Stevia

● 300m, 1000mg and 2000mg options

● Extensive 3rd party test results published on their website

● Produced in an FDA approved food grade facility

● Clearly marked glass dropper for easy and accurate dosing

● They taste amazing. No grassy aftertaste.

The team at FOCL (short for Focus) is passionate about wellness and obsessed with producing products that actually work. In addition to their top rated CBD drops, they also have premium CBD gummies and very unique wellness formulas designed specifically for Focus, Sleep and Immunity. One of the things that makes FOCL truly unique is their use of popular botanicals and adaptogens such as Lions Mane, Ashwagandha and Valerian Root.

Stigma is a family-owned cannabis company that was formed around a simple but succinct belief in the wellness that CBD imparts into everyday life. While Stigma offers a robust range of CBD product lines to suit nearly all tastes and needs, the full spectrum CBD Mint Oil was both the first product Stigma introduced and remains a best-selling item today. Stigma’s CBD Mint Oil has remained so popular that the product has been continually innovated and enhanced to meet the needs of the brand’s growing client base. The botanical “power couple” of CBD and mint has remained the stable core of these products since the beginning– CO2 extracted and organically cultivated hemp concentrate combined with the cool, smooth essence of mint. Recently, Stigma has added a high dosage version of 3000mg to the roster alongside more traditional 600mg and 1200mg types. While the milligram amount of full spectrum extract has been more than doubled in this new version, the soothing mint flavor remains unchanged and dominates the flavor in a most pleasant way. Customers of all ages and ways of life love this product, and you will too!

Joy Organics is still fairly new to the CBD scene, but they’re working on making a name for themselves. This family-run company is based in Fort Collins, Colorado, and they produce high-quality, great-tasting CBD oils.

Their CBD oil is sourced from hemp that is grown and processed in the U.S. and verified by stringent testing to create extremely effective full-spectrum supplements. Their oil is THC-free, and they offer friendly customer service.

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Founded in 2018, Mission Farms CBD has established itself as a provider of quality CBD products. This is an Oregon-based brand that controls its products through each manufacturing step, starting with growing their own hemp in Oregon’s dry climate, east of the Cascades, to hand-harvesting and pressing.

The CBD is safely extracted via the ethanol extraction method. The only thing we wish they offered is free shipping.

Big Sky Botanicals offers two distinct oil-based tinctures that caught our attention. Like many companies, they offer both a THC-containing full-spectrum offering and a THC-free option. However, their THC-free option sets them apart.

Instead of opting for a much less effective CBD isolate based product, their THC-free tincture utilizes a broad-spectrum formula which contains minor cannabinoids as well as a complete terpene profile.

Both tinctures offer stellar results, come in both 750mg and 1500mg potencies, and are backed by batch-level lab reports. We found the orange-flavored broad-spectrum and the mint-flavor full-spectrum varieties to provide a solid bang for your buck and offer comparable results.

Try these tinctures today using the coupon code DISCOVER20 and save 20% off your entire order!

Frequently Asked Questions about CBD Oil

Cannabidiol, or CBD, is a chemical compound naturally found in the genus of plants known as cannabis. It belongs to a larger family of compounds known as cannabinoids.

Are there any benefits to taking CBD oil?

The research surrounding CBD is currently ongoing, so there aren’t a lot of conclusive studies yet. So that means no real claims can be made as towards benefits. However, the results have been extremely promising so far.

Does CBD get you high?

No, taking CBD will not make you high. Contrary to some confusion surrounding the topic, it doesn’t produce any sort of psychoactive effects like THC (tetrahydrocannabinol).

What’s the difference between CBD and THC?

CBD and THC are both compounds commonly found in cannabis. THC is known for its psychoactive effects. Meanwhile, CBD does not have any effect on a user’s mental state. CBD is often considered the opposite of THC, as it restores the body back to homeostasis and sobers the mind.

Hemp and marijuana are two different strains of cannabis. Hemp has higher levels of CBD, while marijuana has stronger concentrations of THC. This makes hemp a more hardy and versatile plant. Aside from CBD products, it is also used to produce textiles, clothing, fuel, food products, bioplastics, and a range of other materials and goods.

In the United States, CBD is legal at the federal level. That means it can be produced and distributed across the country as long as it’s made with USDA-certified hemp. Yet, some states have more stringent laws than others, particularly when it comes to THC levels. The vast majority of states are friendly towards CBD products, though.

It varies even more on a global level. There are still many countries where CBD oil is restricted to only medical use or outright banned entirely. That’s why it’s a safe idea to check before travelling outside of the country with CBD products in your luggage.

Do I need a prescription for CBD oil?

In most cases the answer is no, you do not need a prescription to take CBD. However, there are still a small handful of states that require you to have a medical prescription or join a program in order to purchase CBD products.

How do you take CBD oil?

CBD oil can be taken in a number of different ways. Some people simply take it orally via a dropper, and hold it under their tongue for about 60 seconds before swallowing. Other people mix it into their food and drink to make it more palatable. The only drawback to the latter is that it takes longer to enter your bloodstream, and you might not absorb quite as much CBD in the end.

How much CBD should I take?

Everybody reacts differently to CBD, so there really isn’t a universal dosing recommendation. The best approach is taking the suggested serving size and then adjusting it to suit your needs. Some people need a stronger dose than others to achieve the effects they desire.

Where can I buy CBD oil?

The most reliable place to buy CBD oil is online. Most brands sell their products directly from their website. They also frequently offer special deals and discounts exclusive to their online stores, making it one of the most cost effective routes.

CBD oil can also be bought in many physical locations across the country. This includes convenience stores, pharmacies, gas stations, vape shops, health and wellness stores, and many other brick-and-mortar retail stores.

How do I store CBD oil?

CBD oil should be stored in a safe place away from any heat, moisture, or direct sunlight. For most people this would be a cabinet in their kitchen or bathroom, or a dry pantry. Overall it’s best to keep it somewhere that stays around or below 70 degrees Fahrenheit on average. This will keep the oil from degrading too quickly.

Some people in warmer and more humid climates tend to store their CBD oil in their refrigerator. This is another solid option, although it may cause the oil to thicken over time. If that ever happens, you can just run the outside of the bottle under a tap until it regains its original consistency.

Does CBD oil expire?

Yes, CBD oil has a shelf life. It is typically between 12-24 months, with the latter being the usual case if the oil is properly stored. Thankfully CBD oil doesn’t become toxic if it spoils, but it will lose most of its potency.

Is CBD oil vegan friendly?

A majority of CBD oils are vegan, but not all of them are. So if you adhere to a vegan diet, it’s best to check the list of ingredients first before making a purchase.

What is CBD isolate?

CBD isolate is a form of CBD extract in which only the cannabidiol remains after it is processed and distilled. It’s often the preferred form of CBD for people who want to be certain that there’s zero THC in the products they consume.

What is full-spectrum CBD?

Full-spectrum is another type of CBD extract. It retains the full spectrum of compounds found in hemp, including the THC. Some people prefer it because it creates an “entourage effect” which makes the various compounds even stronger than they would be isolated.

What is broad-spectrum CBD?

Broad-spectrum is a form of CBD extract that’s between CBD isolate and full-spectrum. While it removes all traces of THC entirely, it still keeps the other beneficial compounds such as terpenes, phytocannabinoids, and flavonoids.

Will CBD make me fail a drug test?

It depends upon the type of CBD. Full-spectrum has a chance of causing complications with drug tests, as it still contains around a 0.3% amount of THC. CBD isolates and broad-spectrum CBD should be safe, on the other hand.

Can I vape CBD oil?

There are quite a few brands that make CBD oil that can also be used in vaporizer devices. These oils tend to have vegetable glycerin as a carrier, instead of MCT oil or hemp seed oil.

Before you make any purchasing decisions, keep in mind that CBD works differently for everyone, and while many people talk about the potential health and wellness benefits of hemp extracts, there’s no scientific consensus. CBD clinical research is still in its infancy.

Many people love how the products make them feel, but you should be careful if you are trying to self-treat a serious condition. If you do have a serious medical condition, we recommend speaking to your doctor to see if these products are right for you.

Lastly, if you are looking to improve your health and energy you need to look at sleep as well. There are lots of way to improve your sleep . According to studies better sleep can lead to better concentration, more energy, faster metabolism and lower inflammation. All in all, good sleep will help you get the most out of the products above and set you up for long-term success on your health journey.

Looking for the best CBD you can find? Check out our awards for the best CBD Gummies , best CBD Oi l, Best CBD Oil For Dogs , and Best CBD Oil for cats .

Is CBD legal? Here’s what you need to know, according to science

I’ve come upon it in pharmacy chain stores and gas stations. My dog kennel sells CBD (cannabidiol) gummies for pets, and multiple massage spas in the D.C.-metro area offer “CBD-infused relaxation” through lotions, oils and sprays. There are at least four cafes within a 15-minute walk of the White House that sell CBD coffee.

Yet here’s a strange fact about the overnight ubiquity of these products: Selling them is illegal. That’s true even though the 2018 Farm Bill removed legal restrictions on CBD if it’s derived from hemp plants.

What’s equally strange: Buying CBD products is legal…at least sometimes.

This paradox is one of many in America’s long history of both utilizing and criminalizing cannabis. As marijuana, cannabis has been a tool for relaxation, as well as an element of mass incarceration — but also for medical benefits, like to fight the side effects of cancer chemotherapy.

That tension is something two professors and their students are trying to better understand at the University of Connecticut, which launched the nation’s only college course on growing weed earlier this year.

While “there are all sorts of classes to train lawyers to understand cannabis law and programs for medical practitioners to learn how to dispense medical marijuana,” said Gerry Berkowitz, a 20-year professor of plant science who co-runs UConn’s new course, this is the first in decades to focus on questions like: How exactly does this stuff grow and how can we use it?

They’re among many in the U.S. who are peering through the fog of the clinical claims, legal quagmires and social stigma around weed.

Cannabis, which has been cultivated by humans for at least 12,000 years, is “one of the oldest plants on record as having been used for human benefit,” said Shelley Durocher, a UConn research grower who manages the hemp greenhouse for the class. It’s a fascinating plant that occupies a unique space in the natural world, Durocher said, one that has helped shape the modern existence of Western countries like the U.S.

As hemp, its fiber made the sails that carried European colonists across much of the known world. It was so fundamental to America’s foundations that its image was printed on money. George Washington was notoriously bad at growing hemp, though.

“Began to separate the Male from the Female hemp…rather too late,” Washington penned in his diary in August 1765. (We’ll get to why that’s a problem later.)

A cheat guide to CBD

If you’re looking for the abridged version of this story so you can pass your “pot” quiz, here are the main takeaways.

  • The 2018 Farm Bill legalized the production and sale of hemp and its extracts. Hemp, by federal law, cannot contain more than 0.3 percent THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). Anything with more THC is classified as marijuana, is considered a schedule 1 drug by the Drug Enforcement Administration and is federally illegal.
  • A hemp crop can accidentally start growing marijuna packed with THC because of pollination and sexual reproduction. (Cannabis plants are typically either male or female). Unexpected pollination can easily happen in outdoor fields, given cannabis plants grow abundantly in the wild and their pollen can travel for miles. If your CBD comes from a marijuana plant, it’s illegal. If your CBD contains too much THC (more than 0.3 percent), it’s illegal.
  • The extraction process for CBD and THC is essentially the same. As a consequence, CBD can be contaminated with THC, chemical solvents or pesticides if the extraction is done improperly.
  • The only approved health use of CBD is the seizure drug Epidiolex, despite having many other suspected benefits. The FDA prohibits the sale of CBD in any unapproved health products, dietary supplements or food — which literally means everything except for this epilepsy drug.
  • If CBD comes from a hemp plant with less than 0.3 percent THC, you can buy it under federal law — but some states still have legal restrictions on the possession of CBD.

Cannabis’ reputation has shifted significantly since then, from vital resource to societal ill to maybe something in between.

Berkowitz and professor Matthew DeBacco launched the class at UConn — called “Horticulture of Cannabis: from Seed to Harvest” — to fill a desperate need in the ever-budding cannabis industry, with U.S. sales expected to reach $80 billion by 2030. Three years ago, another of Berkowitz’s undergrad classes took a field trip to one of Connecticut’s medical marijuana producers.

“The owner said his head grower learned their trade by growing pot in their basement,” Berkowitz said. In pointing this out, he was not trying to throw shade on these employees, but rather emphasizing that many of the growing practices in the marijuana industry aren’t typically standardized nor backed by research.

Which brings us back to those CBD lotions and lattes — and how they can be both legal and illegal.

Due to the way cannabis plants naturally grow and breed, many CBD products in stores contain the same drug that makes marijuana federally illicit — THC or tetrahydrocannabinol.

And even if you make sure that your CBD is pure, some federal agencies and state laws still forbid it — even in places where medical or recreational weed is legal.

So before you add CBD to your routine, it might help us all to head back to school for a few science lessons that explain how cannabis is grown, how the compound is collected, and the ways it might benefit and harm your health.

What is cannabis?

Cannabis has many names, strains and varieties, including hemp and marijuana. But these days, they’re all considered one species: Cannabis sativa.

“Marijuana” is any cannabis plant with abundant amounts — technically, more than 0.3 percent — of the mind-altering drug THC. Though 11 states and Washington, D.C., have legalized recreational marijuna, this version of cannabis remains federally illegal and classified as a schedule 1 drug by the Drug Enforcement Administration.

“Hemp,” by contrast, cannot legally contain more than 0.3 percent THC. There are almost no restrictions on the hundreds of other compounds made by the plant, such as terpenes (which are responsible for weed’s “distinctive” aroma).

One noteworthy contradiction in weed law: Marijuana can also produce CBD. If your purified CBD comes from hemp plants, it is federally legal, but if it comes from a marijuana plant, it is illegal. That’s because marijuna plants themselves are prohibited by the DEA.

CBD versus THC

The most obvious hurdles to making pure and legal CBD arise from being unable to tell marijuana and hemp plants apart.

Just try it for yourself:

Hemp versus marijuana. Good luck spotting a difference. Image by Devin Pinckard

“So how do we make a distinction when … basically looking at the plant structure, you really can’t tell the difference?” DeBacco, one of the cannabis course professors, asked us on the campus quad after class (located in the university’s largest lecture hall, due to its popularity).

His answer: “You’ve got to go beyond what they look like to the chemical profiles.”

Scientists suspect cannabinoids protect the plant from UV rays, much like sunscreen does for human skin.

Both THC and CBD are members of a chemical family called cannabinoids. Cannabinoids are plants oils, and cannabis comes packed with more than 100 versions of them.

Scientists suspect cannabinoids protect the plant from UV rays, much like sunscreen does for human skin. They think that because up to a quarter of a cannabis plant’s weight can come from just cannabinoids — and cannabinoid levels change with light exposure. “At the top of the plant, you’ll get more cannabinoids, compared to flowers that are at the lower end of the plant,” graduate student Peter Apicella said.

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Cannabis makes most of its cannabinoids in its flowers, which are more commonly called “buds.”

“If they don’t get pollinated, the buds will essentially just keep growing and keep producing cannabinoids,” Apicella said.

This is true of both CBD and THC. The only chemical difference between them comes down to a couple of chemical bonds.

CBD and THC are like the “fraternal twins” of plant chemistry. They are basically identical, aside from a couple bond. Image by Adam Sarraf

All cannabinoids start out as a bit of sugar, which hitchhikes around the plants’ enzymes, changing its identity, bit by bit, with each ride. In some cases, this wandering sugar reaches a crossroads, where it can either can bum a ride from one of two enzymes: THC-a synthase or CBD-a synthase. One route leads to becoming THC, the other to becoming CBD.

But in hemp, THC synthase is genetically dormant, Apicella said. As a result, some hemp plants can make loads of CBD because there is no internal competition for making THC.

“With other highly valuable crops — like saffron or vanilla — you get a small percentage of the plant that’s actually usable yield,” Apicella explained. But with hemp, “it’s a huge amount.” Some strains have are upwards of 12 to 15 percent CBD by weight.

How a hemp crop can sometimes become marijuana

Thanks to the “miracle” of reproduction, a hemp crop can start off making only CBD and then unwittingly turn into a THC-laden field of marijuana.

Let’s just say that again because it is a bit mind-blowing. A hemp crop — that is federally legal and only makes CBD — can become marijunana. Studies have found that if two certifiable hemp plants hook up, most of their offspring will be able to make THC. In fact, some of these seedlings will ONLY make THC.

Cannabis is abundant in the wild — meaning an outdoor hemp field is one gust of pollen away from accidentally breeding marijuana.

The wild card for hemp growers is pollination. Most flowering plants boast both male and female parts. They’re hermaphrodites that can mate with themselves. But a cannabis plant is an exception, in that it is almost always either female OR male. And when the plants reproduce sexually, their traits mix and once dormant genes — like those behind THC production — can suddenly be replaced with active versions.

Any biological organism is going to fluctuate — a variable that farmers and growers are always really concerned about, Apicella said.

So to prevent sexual reproduction, UConn’s greenhouse smashes the (cannabis) patriarchy. You don’t want a male in your greenhouse, Apicella said: “If there’s a male, your whole crops can be destroyed.”

So UConn’s greenhouses only grows female hemp plants — all of them are clones. There’s even a small pistil — called a preflower — on young plants that allows horticulturists to identify females without a genetic test.

To grow an all-female group, “you snip a part of a plant off, and you put it in soil with a little rooting hormone and that cutting is actually genetically identical to that first mother plant that you took from,” Apicella explained, raising his arms and pointing to a long row of hemp plants. “So these are all genetically identical to one of the mother plants we have in here.”

Keeping a greenhouse all-female is easy, but it’s a different story growing hemp outdoors.

Cannabis is abundant in the wild — meaning an outdoor hemp field is one gust of pollen away from accidentally breeding marijuana.

The other way that THC can sneak into your CBD bottle

To collect CBD or THC from hemp, farmers harvest the plants and send them to an extractor, who collects the drugs and preps them for sale. The issue is that extracting CBD or THC is essentially the same process. If your supplier does it incorrectly, your CBD bottle might carry an illegal dose of THC.

“It happens all the time,” said Rino Ferrarese, COO of the medical marijuana extractor CT Pharma, who is frustrated by low-quality and tainted products flooding the CBD market. Under Connecticut law, Ferrarese’s company must ensure their products match the labels on their bottles — which they accomplish through pharmaceutical-grade extraction.

Ferrarese said many states across the country do not hold their CBD suppliers to the same standards and federal enforcement is lacking.

Cannabinoids are extracted as oils or resins, which can be gooey. Image by CT Pharma

“What a lot of consumers don’t realize is that the FDA, who’s charged with protecting our safety with respect to food and medicine in the U.S., are not on top of policing those CBD products that you see in the gas station or at the grocery store,” Ferrarese said. “A lot of these products are also not under the purview of departments of public health either.”

As a lark, he and others at the company keep tabs on the sloppy and sometimes illicit products flooding the CBD market. Ferrarese said the results vary widely, and rarely do these products ever meet the claims on their labels.

The math that’s fueling the CBD green rush

A little math can explain why farmers and suppliers are excited about CBD.

To make CBD, farmers can grow up to 4,000 hemp plants in an acre. A single hemp plant can make about a half kilogram of plant material for CBD extraction.

A half kilogram of this cannabis material can yield about 75 grams of CBD, according to Rino Ferrarese, COO of the medical marijuana extractor CT Pharma. That much CBD can make about 350 bottles of lotion, he said, which each typically hold about 200 milligrams of the compound.

That means a single acre of hemp can make about 1.4 million bottles of CBD lotion. If you sell each of those bottles for $30, that’s…a boatload of greenbacks.

“Whenever we see CBD at a gas station or in a retail location, we purchase it and we send it to our independent third-party laboratory,” Ferrarese said. “Sometimes it even contains THC in the bottle when it’s not supposed to. It’s really a crap shoot.”

Extractors can prevent THC from entering a CBD supply. To sap CBD or THC from plant material, all extractions use a chemical solvent. That sounds nefarious, but a solvent is any substance that can dissolve another. Water, for instance, is one of nature’s best solvents — but it wouldn’t be effective for something like this.

“In Connecticut, we’re limited to using only [liquid] carbon dioxide as a solvent for extraction or ethanol as a solvent, Ferrarese said. “In other states, such as Colorado and California, they’re allowed to use solvents like butane.”

Liquid carbon dioxide and ethanol come with distinct advantages. Carbon dioxide is very efficient at stripping cannabinoids from plants, but it must be kept at cold temperatures — -70 degrees Fahrenheit — to stay liquid.

Ethanol extraction, meanwhile, can be conducted at warmer temperatures in a process similar to making liquor, said Kimberly Provera, the operations manager at CT Pharma.

“There is a process called fractional distillation, where you can actually isolate different cannabinoids,” Provera said. “Each cannabinoid will separate based on a specific temperature…so you can isolate just CBD and THC.”

Once the gooey cannabinoids are separated, they add a little heat. The carbon dioxide and ethanol will eventually evaporate, leaving behind pure CBD or THC — but only if the extraction is done properly.

If your supplier makes a mistake, it might taint your CBD with THC — a consequence that can be problematic if your job randomly drug tests. Poor extractions can also leave behind the chemical solvents, which is hazardous in the case of butane, or even pesticides.

“There is a certain consumer expectation that we have here in America when we interact with our products, and cannabis should be no different,” Ferrarese said. “Cannabis, as a consumer packaged good, should have to meet those same standards for purity, identity and composition.”

Before you buy CBD, ask the store how its extracts were made and if they’re validated by a third-party tester.

Why you shouldn’t assume CBD is a cure-all

Raise your hand if you’ve heard someone state a version of the following:

“THC is psychoactive or mind-altering, hence it can make you high and why it is illegal. CBD, meanwhile, isn’t psychoactive.”

That’s not entirely accurate. CBD won’t intoxicate you, but from a neuroscience perspective, CBD is absolutely psychoactive, psychotropic or whatever adjective you want to use to say that it affects the mind and behavior. CBD just affects you differently than THC.

This lack of understanding has led to a lot of misconceptions about CBD, said Joseph Cheer, a neurobiologist at the University of Maryland School of Medicine who specializes in cannabinoids.

The first thing you need to know is that our bodies make their own natural versions of these compounds called endocannabinoids.

Akin to dopamine and serotonin, endocannabinoids can operate like neurotransmitters — the chemical messengers that activate or switch off our nerves. That, in turn, sparks or dampens the electric pulses that create our thoughts, behaviors and movements.

Why hemp seeds and their oils are typically legal

Cannabis pollination causes a plant’s flowers — its buds — to set seed and stop making cannabinoids. Hemp seeds and their oils have essentially zero cannabinoids and are only considered illegal if THC residue lands on them.

Cannabis pollination can also stunt the growth of female plants, which is problematic if you’re cultivating the plant for fibers. George Washington made the mistake of allowing his hemp crop to undergo pollination, and it ruined his harvest.

Our nerves receive those chemical messages through neurotransmitter receptors — think of them like radio antennas. Cannabinoids have two known receptors called CB1 and CB2.

This is where the mental effects of THC and CBD differ. THC makes us high because it has a strong affinity for the CB1 receptor, but CBD is the opposite. CBD does not typically interact with the CB1 receptor…at least not directly. Research shows CBD can elevate the body’s self-made endocannabinoids, and scientists are also hunting for a “hidden” brain receptor for the cannabis extract.

The other evidence that CBD is psychoactive? It can battle seizures.

The FDA has only approved one drug made from CBD: an epilepsy medication named Epidiolex. No one knows for sure how it works, but Cheer and other researchers suspect that Epidiolex tweaks how much calcium can get inside of our nerves.

Without going too far into the particulars, our nerve cells use calcium to carry those electrical pulses throughout the body. If a nerve cell has too much calcium, it will fire electric pulses at too fast a rate, which can cause a state of distress called excitotoxicity.

CBD appears to maintain a healthy balance of calcium in nerve cells, which wards off the electrical overloads and damage that happen during seizures.

Cheer said there is also strong support that CBD reduces anxiety and stymies addiction to opioids and marijuana. It may also offer sleep benefits to patients with multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease and Huntington’s disease.

But FDA approval for these treatments, other medicines like lotions and foods may take years, and “the pace of discovery has already been significantly hindered by the scheduling of the plant,” Cheer said.

Most CBD products are illegal — but only if someone is checking

So if you buy CBD…and it came from a hemp plant…and it’s pure…then you’re in the clear…right? Not quite.

Yes, purchasing CBD is federally legal as long as it doesn’t contain more than 0.3 percent THC, but some state laws have put restrictions on buyers. For example, Virginians can only buy and possess CBD if they have a prescription.

Federal provisions have a blindspot whereby a store can sell as much CBD as it wants, as long it doesn’t make any health claims about its products…

It gets more complicated for sellers.

The FDA has prohibited the sale of CBD in any unapproved health products, dietary supplements or food — which literally means everything except for the drug Epidiolex.

The FDA can officially go after any companies selling or marketing items that make health claims about CBD, especially if those products involve interstate trade of the cannabis extract.

But the agency has limited staff for enforcement. As of this writing, the FDA has only issued warning letters to violators, though it has hinted at pursuing broader enforcement with federal and state partners if the CBD craze continues. Local law enforcement in states like Iowa, Ohio and Texas have also raided hemp and CBD stores this year.

These federal provisions, as written, also have a blindspot whereby a store can sell as much CBD as it wants, as long it doesn’t make any health claims about its products, put it in food nor add it to dietary supplements.

University of Connecticut grad student Peter Apicella works with a cannabis plant in a UConn greenhouse growing THC-free hemp. Photo by Mark Mirko/Hartford Courant/TNS via Getty Images

Connecticut’s road to a hemp industry

As PBS NewsHour science correspondent Miles O’Brien has detailed in past reports, marijuana research has been stymied by the plant’s designation as a federally illegal drug. And until recently, the same restrictions have applied to hemp and CBD.

The 2014 Farm Bill was the first piece of national legislation to permit hemp research, both for health and agriculture pilot programs. Last year’s updated law further loosened restrictions and expanded the grants available for such studies.

Connecticut is looking to capitalize. Legislation to start the state’s industrial hemp program was passed rapidly by state officials this spring.

“It solves a lot of issues for us in the state of Connecticut by creating an industry that can be quite lucrative,” said state senator Christine Cohen, who chairs the environmental committee that reviewed the bills. “The Connecticut Farm Bureau has been predicting $37,000 to $150,000 per acre and in gross value.”

Cohen said this green rush could help dairy farmers in Connecticut and across the nation. Nearly 3,000 U.S. dairy farms folded in 2018 alone.

A spokesperson for the Drug Enforcement Administration told the PBS NewsHour that their agency would have a limited role with these infractions. Since the Farm Bill said CBD with less than 0.3 percent THC was no longer a banned substance, it’s no longer under DEA’s purview, a spokesperson said in an email.

“It is now regulated by the FDA, so we refer you to them for this request,” the DEA spokesperson wrote. Another factor: “DEA does not pursue individual users – we focus on larger-scale operations and drug trafficking organizations,” the spokesperson added.

All of this is important for CBD sellers and consumers because the FDA has a mandate to verify the safest dosage for the chemicals that we consume or apply to our bodies — whether they be applied to drugs, food and dietary supplements — under the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act.

The rapid legalization of hemp and CBD has put the FDA in a tough position. Under its mandate, the agency must validate the safety of foods, drugs and dietary supplements. But CBD products are already flooding American stores.

Cheer and the FDA caution “against all of the off-the-shelf CBD products” because the cannabis extract — like any compound you put in your body — can come with adverse side effects.

Human studies have shown that taking CBD can cause liver problems, diarrhea, vomiting and fatigue. Rodent research also suggests CBD can cause harm to male and female reproductive organs.

When it comes to CBD in the U.S., “whatever I tell you today may change significantly a week from today,” Cheer said.

Left: Even if your CBD is pure, some federal agencies and state laws still forbid it — even in places where medical or recreational cannabis is legal. The PBS NewsHour visited the nation’s only college course for growing weed — at the University of Connecticut — to explore the science and legality behind growing hemp to make CBD. Video by Nsikan Akpan and Jamie Leventhal. (Photo by AAron Ontiveroz/The Denver Post/Getty Images)