What dose of CBD oil do I use for my dog?
If you are wondering when and how to use CBD oil for your dog, you’re not alone! Luckily we have some controlled research to help guide us in our decision for dosing hemp and CBD products for dogs. (1, 2)
Based on the latest research about CBD use in dogs, we know that 1-2 milligrams per kilogram CBD is a good starting point for most dogs. Now, use the dog’s weight to determine how that might look:
Example: 45 pound border collie with joint pain. Divide 45lb by 2.2 and you get 20.45kg. 20-40milligrams of CBD would be appropriate.
To avoid conversion, you can use 0.45-0.9 milligrams per pound CBD. Multiply by the dogs weight (in this case, 45lb) and you will also get 20-40 milligrams of CBD per dose.
Importantly, you must know how many milligrams per milliliter (or bottle) is in your pet’s CBD product. Reputable companies should have mg/ml or total bottle mg count and volume right on the label. At VetCS, we make easy dosing instructions available on every bottle. Week 1 dose is 2mg/kg and Week 2+ dose is 1mg/kg.
Going back to the border collie, if you bought a 1200mg bottle of CBD oil and it’s total volume is 30ml, then that formula is 40mg/ml. We wanted 20-40mg CBD per dose, so you would give 0.5-1ml twice daily to help the joint pain. We often recommend the higher dosing amount (1ml in this case) for moderate to severe pain.
How often should you dose CBD? Research has shown that the half-life range in dogs given CBD oil is 3-4.2 hours. (3,4) That means dosing twice daily is best for your pup. However, when using CBD to relieve anxiety (car trips, thunderstorms, etc), simply dosing 30 minutes before an anticipated stressful event is all you need to give. For other conditions such as mobility issues, seizures, and decreased appetite, twice daily dosing is recommended to best help your dog.
Remember that dosing is dependent on condition as well. Dogs with anxiety typically respond to much lower doses of CBD (0.25-0.5mg/kg) than dogs continuing to have seizures despite numerous pharmaceuticals. In these instances, talking to your veterinarian is best with pets that are already on medications. Alternatively, our team at VetCS can help you determine dosing, just contact us by phone, email, or chat!
CBD Dosage for Dogs: How Much Should I Give My Dog?
Still not sure how to figure out how much CBD you should give your dog?
As a team of CBD aficionados and pet lovers obsessed with their puppies, we’ll be more than happy to help you find the right dose of cannabidiol (CBD) for your furry friend.
And if you’re here for the first time wondering why on earth we would even consider giving CBD to a dog, here’s a quick reminder:
Dogs and cats have an endocannabinoid system, too – just like humans.
That being said, CBD, a powerful compound found in the cannabis plant, shows great potential as an alternative form of treatment for dogs, cats, and other pets that are struggling with a range of health conditions.
Finding the right dose of CBD can be tricky, as there are plenty of factors that can determine the effects it will have on your dog or cat.
We’ll cover all you need to know about dosing CBD for pets and walk you through the best dosage guidelines for different forms of CBD consumption.
Things to Consider Before Giving CBD to Your Dog
Figuring out the right CBD oil dosage for your dog can be a hard nut to crack, especially for pet owners who are just getting started with CBD for pets.
We’ll use dogs as an example because that’s where we have the most experience; however, the same guidelines apply to cats and other (mammalian) pets.
There are three essential factors to take into consideration prior to buying CBD for your pet:
1. Consumption Method
One of the factors that determine how much CBD you will give your dog is the type of product you use, along with the brand you’re using.
CBD products for dogs come in 4 main forms:
- CBD and Hemp oil
- Topical rubs
- Treats (edibles)
CBD and hemp oils are by far the best option for dogs as they offer the highest bioavailability. This means that less CBD is needed to produce the effects you want.
However, not every dog will like the distinct taste of CBD oil, so if that’s the case, CBD dog treats would do the trick.
Not only will they taste better – imagine flavors like Chicken & Bacon or Roasted Duck – but they also come with a fixed CBD dose.
This way, you know exactly how much CBD you’re giving your dog.
However, there’s one downside to using CBD dog treats:
They’re much slower.
The cannabinoids in the treats need to pass through your dog’s digestive system to make it into the bloodstream. This means the effects will have a slower onset time than oils and your dog may receive less CBD overall.
The same applies to CBD capsules for dogs, but capsules just aren’t as enjoyable for the dogs as the treats.
The benefits of capsules, however, are that they have a higher fixed dose, and are more reliable in the level of effects they’ll produce.
2. Your Pet’s Size
It’s no surprise that the CBD dosage for vary depending on your dog’s size. But how do I determine what dose is correct?
The general rule is that larger dogs need more CBD to experience the effects than smaller puppies. Some brands provide their own dosage charts based on the weight of your dog. This makes dosing easier from the start.
Keep reading to learn specific dosage guidelines depending on the size of your dog.
3. The Severity of Your Dog’s Condition
Finally, keep in mind that your dog’s condition can also affect how much CBD should you give him/her.
The more severe the condition, the higher the dose they’ll likely need to alleviate the discomfort.
If you want to supplement your dog with CBD oil, low doses will usually suffice, but for anxiety or joint pain, you’ll need to increase the dosage and observe the effects until you hit the sweet spot.
General CBD Dosage Guidelines For Dogs
For general supplementation or mild conditions, the exact amount of drops in a CBD oil to meet the estimated dosage will vary between products.
In general, 2-4 drops taken two to four times a day are recommended.
You can also adjust the dosage, based on the size of your pet and his/her condition we’ve just talked about.
A CBD capsule, in turn, will contain between 5-20 mg of CBD each. The dose of encapsulated CBD is around 1 tablet taken once or twice per day.
As for pet treats, they will vary in concentrations of CBD.
Always check if your CBD company provides dosing instructions at the back of the package. If it does, it’s best to follow the instructions.
Actually, regardless of the product you use, we always recommend following the dosage instructions that came with it and based on this, adjust the dose as needed.
We recommend starting at the low end of the dose, and increasing gradually once you know how your dog will respond.
How to Figure Out How Much CBD You Should Give to Your Dog By Size
To make it easy for you, we’ll break down exactly how to choose the right dose for your dog based on their size (measured in weight).
Some people prefer to use a very small dose, no matter what size their dog is and working up from there.
A rough starting dose to do this is 1 mg.
This allows you to gradually work your way up the optimal dose without wasting too much CBD oil in the process.
Even large dogs are about ⅓ the size of average humans, so considering that in humans, the jumping-off point is around 1-3 mg, the above figure makes sense.
To begin with, let’s discuss how much CBD you should give to your dog, based on relative weight.
1. Small (2-15 lbs)
Extra small dogs will need the least amount of CBD, which may sound relieving at first.
But there’s a catch.
Tiny dogs have a super-fast metabolism!
You will need to increase the frequency of CBD administration to 3-4 doses per day, instead of 1 or 2 with larger dogs.
If your dog is suffering from pain, the starting CBD dose of 1 mg may be enough for the beginning.
For behavioral conditions like dogs with anxiety, we recommend measuring out ½ mg worth of oil and adding a couple of drops if you don’t see any improvement for the next 3-5 days of use.
As for a routine, it’s best to start by administering CBD twice daily.
Each time you want to increase the dosage, you can do it in 2 mg increments until your dog finds some relief.
Nevertheless, try not to exceed 15 mg CBD doses in extra small dogs.
Remember that these are all relative figures, and should not be taken as medical advice or as a veterinary recommendation.
2. Medium-Small (15 – 30 lbs)
Having done in-depth research on different CBD dosages for medium dogs, we’ve noticed that many people achieve success with a 2 mg dose, and increasing by 3 mg until they get some results
This data refers to dogs suffering from pain and arthritis.
For psychological conditions and poor appetite, try using half the dose above (1 mg of CBD).
For most medium sized dogs this should do the trick.
Dog owners who want to help their friends with anxiety are recommended to increase doses by no more than 2 mg, keeping mind that they shouldn’t exceed 2 doses per day.
The maximum dose of CBD for a dog of this size is about 20 mg per day.
Like we said before, larger dogs require more CBD to experience the desired effects.
What’s an appropriate initial dose of CBD for dogs with general pain?
It’s generally believed that a 1-3 mg dose of CBD is a good starting point, depending on the level of the pain.
If you’re not seeing the results you want to try increasing by 3 mg.
For behavioral conditions (lack of focus), psychological disorders (panic, anxiety), and poor appetite, the recommended initial dose is 1 mg twice a day.
Make sure to keep a watchful eye on your dog’s behavior to notice if the effects of CBD are kicking in.
If not, increase the dose by no more than 2 mg.
The maximum dose for CBD for a dog of this size is about 30 mg per day.
4. Large (60 – 150 lbs)
Owners of large dogs should follow the same general recommendations as for medium-large dogs.
With very large dogs, you can expect to have a much higher dose, however, it’s best to work your way up slowly by 3 mg per dose until you find signs of relief.
Getting The Dose Right With Different CBD Products
So now that you know the mg of CBD you should use on your dog or cat, you may be wondering how this applies to different CBD products.
After all, not all CBD products contain the same concentration of CBD.
Calculating the right dose of Cannabidiol may look like a cutscene from the “Beautiful Mind” movie, so we’ll help you out a bit.
Below, we share specific details about CBD dosing for dogs using common strengths and volumes.
1. CBD or Hemp Oil
CBD oil for dogs typically comes in 150, 300, and 600 mg bottles. Here are the basic dosage tips for this kind of CBD.
Here’s a quick reference to how the different CBD concentrations work out in drops.
CBD Dosage for Dogs: What’s the Right Amount?
As responsible dog owners, we want to research the best ways to care for our dogs. This means looking at alternative methods of helping with things that can plague our pets, like upset tummies. The problem many responsible dog owners face when considering alternative, natural methods for alleviating discomfort is how much of these products to give to their dogs.
Many times, there are no general guidelines issued by regulatory agencies to help us determine what amount to give them. That can put dog owners in a precarious situation of wondering how best to provide care.
If you’re considering using CBD oil for your dogs, you may find yourself in this situation. Since the Farm Bill of 2018 was passed, there has been a massive surge of CBD-related products made available for pets.
At VETCBD , we want to help end the confusion and supply our customers with products they can rely on to support their dogs naturally and safely. As such, we aim to provide you with information about CBD and related products so you can make informed decisions about your dog’s healthcare and overall wellness.
If you’re new to the idea of using CBD products for your dog, we’re here to help. CBD can be incredibly beneficial for dogs when administered properly and correctly. As always, it’s important you speak to your veterinary professional before starting CBD.
What Are The Health Benefits of CBD?
Cannabidiol, or “CBD” is a plant-based compound found in the flowers of certain varieties of the cannabis sativa plant. This plant is grown in numerous variations, including those that produce marijuana. The species that CBD is extracted from is commercially grown hemp.
The hemp plant provides a myriad of benefits for your dog and has other components outside of CBD that are important for use. These include other cannabinoids (plant-based compounds), flavonoids , terpenes, and phytonutrients.
In order for your dog to receive the maximum benefit of CBD, your dog’s CBD oil must be in “full-spectrum” form. CBD oil is generally distributed in three different ways: isolate oil, broad-spectrum oil, and full-spectrum oil. The two most popular oils found in pet products are isolate oil and full-spectrum oil. Isolate oil only contains CBD; no other parts of the hemp plant are extracted with this oil. As such, this oil cannot provide maximum benefit to your dog, or give them what is called the “entourage effect.” The entourage effect refers to all parts of the hemp plant working together synergistically in CBD oil to yield the highest return of benefit.
While broad-spectrum oil contains some other plant parts, it does not contain THC, and therefore also cannot produce the entourage effect.
Full-spectrum CBD can be incredibly beneficial for your dog. Here are some of the benefits of supplementing your dog’s health and wellness routine with CBD oil:
- Joint support. CBD oil has soothing properties that can help your dog when experiencing occasional discomfort. Dogs with joint issues may also benefit from continual use of CBD oil and may be able to find supported mobility.
- GI support. CBD oil can help with nausea and some tummy troubles if your dog happened to ingest some bad or spoiled food, have a negative reaction to a new food, or as a result of other treatments.
- Mood support. It can be a difficult situation for both dog and owner when your dog experiences restlessness, especially when apart from you. CBD oil can help your dog maintain a sense of relaxation and calmness.
- Brain support . We want our dogs with us as long as possible, and part of keeping our dogs healthy is keeping their brains functioning properly. Your dog’s endocannabinoid system regulates things like sleep, mood, memory, and appetite. CBD oil interacts with this system and can help to promote normal, healthy brain function.
What Is The Right Dosage Amount for Dogs?
Making sure your dog gets the right amount of CBD oil is crucial to ensuring the oil works and is well tolerated.
While CBD is generally very well tolerated by dogs, it’s always important to speak to your dog’s veterinarian to determine if CBD is a viable option for them and to make sure that it will not interfere with any other medications or courses of treatment they currently have prescribed.
While there is currently no standard guideline for CBD dosage in dogs, a good rule of thumb is .2mg of CBD per pound of body weight. If you have a 20-pound dog, for instance, you would give your dog 4mg of CBD. It can be difficult to determine how much 4mg of CBD is if you are using a tincture. As such, we’ve provided a suggested dosage amount chart below.
Remember, it is always better to start off with half the recommended dosage and adjust the dose as needed. Every dog is different and will respond differently to CBD, therefore every dog will require a different dose based on their size, their body chemistry, and their overall health.
VETCBD’s CBD Hemp Tincture comes in a 1 fl oz bottle containing 125mg CBD or a 2 fl oz bottle containing 250mg CBD. Here are some general dosing guidelines for your dog based on weight.
|4-10 lbs||.5 ml|
|10-25 lbs||1.0 ml|
|25-50 lbs||1.5 ml|
|50-100 lbs||2.0 ml|
|Above 100 lbs||2.5 + ml|
Signs That Your Dog May Benefit From CBD
- Change in behavior. Dogs that have become antisocial, aggressive, or lethargic may be experiencing some kind of environmental-related stress or other issues where they could benefit from CBD oil.
- Mobility/discomfort related issues. Dogs with mobility challenges or dogs that have experienced a recent injury can benefit from the soothing effect of CBD oil.
- Mood/behavioral issues. If your dog chews through the floor every time you leave the house, you may have a dog that is experiencing circumstantial stress. CBD oil works to help lessen their agitated response and help them settle into a sense of calm.
- Nausea . Dogs that have occasional gastric upset may be able to get relief from CBD oil.
What to Expect After You Give Your Dog CBD?
Just as every dog differs in their dosage amount for CBD, their reaction will also vary. Some dogs will respond quickly, while a change in behavior in another dog may take a few weeks. It all depends on your dog’s own body chemistry and overall health.
How Often Can I Give My Dog CBD?
CBD oil can be administered to your dog on a daily basis, with some dogs benefiting from multiple daily doses. You can give your dog additional CBD oil every eight to twelve hours, as needed. While CBD is usually effective within one to two hours of being ingested, some dogs may need more to help receive the right benefits. It’s important to be cognizant of your dog’s behaviors to determine whether additional doses are needed and how frequently your dog may need it. When you are ready to incorporate CBD as part of your dog’s wellness routine, consider exploring what VETCBD has to offer to help your pup thrive.