CBD for Menopause – What Are the Benefits? Cannabidiol is a hemp-derived compound gaining popularity in recent years, mainly thanks to numerous studies. It may be a potential solution for CBD Oil and Menopause: Does CBD Help With Menopause Symptoms? Most of us don’t start thinking about menopause until it’s just around the corner — leaving us completely unprepared to deal with its Are you considering taking CBD to alleviate symptoms and issues associated with the menopause? Understand the potential benefits from medical studies and research
CBD for Menopause – What Are the Benefits?
Cannabidiol is a hemp-derived compound gaining popularity in recent years, mainly thanks to numerous studies. It may be a potential solution for various conditions. How can CBD help during menopause, and is it worth using? Keep reading!
Menopause – what is it?
Menopause is a period taking place approximately a year after a women’s last menstruation. A few years before that period, women may experience irregular monthly cycles and annoying symptoms such as hot flashes. This time is known as perimenopause or menopausal transition.
Menopause usually occurs between the ages of 45 and 55. Most women experience symptoms for about seven years. However, there are cases when this stage takes up to fourteen years. Everything depends on the lifestyle, ethnicity, and race of women.
It’s impossible to define menopause and its symptoms precisely, as every lady can be affected differently. During this time, the body modifies its fat cells and uses the energy. Consequently, women are prone to gaining weight more quickly. In addition, they may suffer from various conditions related to bones, heart, body shape, and physical functions.
Widespread symptoms of menopause include:
- Irregular periods,
- Heavy period bleeding (if it hadn’t been the case before),
- Bleeding longer than usual,
- Hot flashes,
- Bladder infections,
- Problems with incontinence,
- Sleep disorders
As you can see, the list is pretty long, and mentioned symptoms can make life more challenging. Therefore, more and more women look for various treatments that may alleviate the discomfort. CBD is recognized as a potential solution for menopause symptoms.
PharmaHemp® PHA NUTRITIONALS SLEEP DROPS
with Melatonin, Melissa and Chamomile
Benefits of CBD for menopause
CBD (cannabidiol) interacts with the endocannabinoid system, including various cannabinoid receptors located in the tissues and different body organs such as the brain.
Interestingly, it turns out that this system serves as an essential function in the entire menopause stage, and CBD may affect the way it operates.
Cannabinoid receptors are among others also located in the female reproductive system, and their functioning is disrupted during menopause. Therefore, regular application of CBD oil may positively impact the receptors, which can translate into alleviating the annoying symptoms.
Although no studies have focused on CBD for menopause, research states that cannabinoids may present qualities that help reduce inflammation, pain, and sleep disorders.
Therefore, CBD oil may alleviate the following symptoms of menopause:
- Mood swings caused by hormones and other menopause-related symptoms,
- Sleep disorders resulting from the improper operation of the endocannabinoid system,
- Problems with bone density. Unfortunately, even 25% of females over 65 years old suffer from osteoporosis. Low bone density makes women bones prone to fractures. Therefore, preventing osteoporosis is crucial to enjoying a long, healthy life.
Risks and safety
Although the impact of CBD products on humans is still being examined, there have been very few cases of reported side effects.
To ensure that purchased oils are safe, it’s worth choosing cosmetics from reliable, certified sources. If you aren’t sure whether CBD is suitable for your body, you can always consult a healthcare professional.
Menopause symptoms can be really annoying, so it’s worth developing healthy sleep hygiene, maintaining a balanced diet, and creating a workout schedule. Unfortunately, there is little evidence showing a positive impact of CBD oil on menopause for the time being. However, because we are starting to understand how the endocannabinoid system operates, we can use various methods that may alleviate the symptoms. Cannabinoids are one of the potential solutions to the problem.
CBD Oil and Menopause: Does CBD Help With Menopause Symptoms?
Most of us don’t start thinking about menopause until it’s just around the corner — leaving us completely unprepared to deal with its irksome symptoms, especially in the early stages.
But the sooner you detect and proactively respond to the changes taking place inside your body, the better.
Unfortunately, the current medical system lacks support for the needs of peri- and post-menopausal women, so like many others, you may be turning to natural resources for aid.
Menopause is one of the top reasons women use cannabis products. The hype hemp-derived CBD oil is gaining for easing peri- and post-menopausal symptoms isn’t based just on anecdotal evidence — scientists also suggest that cannabidiol (CBD) could be useful for menopause symptoms.
In this article, I’ll cover the 8 most common menopause symptoms and how CBD can alleviate them — and show you my personal list of trusted CBD brands.
But first, let’s go over the basics.
First of All, What is CBD Oil?
CBD oil is a concentrated hemp extract that contains a carrier oil (like sweet almond oil or MCT oil), cannabidiol (CBD), and a variety of trace cannabinoids, terpenes, and other hemp compounds.
Unlike its marijuana-derived counterpart, hemp-derived CBD oil can’t get you high because it only contains 0.3% THC — which isn’t enough to get you high
CBD oil interacts with the endocannabinoid system — one of the most important networks in humans that regulates every homeostatic function in the body. This includes processes like memory, mood, cognitive performance, immune response, body temperature, appetite, sensory perception, and more.
CBD supports the endocannabinoid system through two sets of receptors (CB1 and CB2) and several receptor-independent routes so it can maintain the chemical balance in the body whenever any of the above functions becomes compromised.
Because of that, CBD offers a plethora of health benefits, including emotional stability, better sleep, reduced stress, and relief from inflammation and pain. It’s no wonder women struggling with menopause turn to CBD oil for help.
How Does Menopause Affect Women?
Women are born with millions of immature eggs in their ovaries. Since puberty, our bodies start to produce more estrogen every time an egg matures, which happens approximately once a month.
However, as time flies, our supplies of eggs begin to shrink. And once we use up all our eggs, our menstruation stops which means the end of your estrogen burst. That’s how menopause is triggered.
Well, in very simplified terms, of course.
In fact, menopause is more complicated than we think.
For the years prior to menopause (i.e. perimenopause), our estrogen levels fluctuate from the highs and lows a little bit less each year.
There’s a host of hormones that go on a roller-coaster ride along with estrogen, all of which are meant to keep your body operating in carefully orchestrated cycles.
Consequently, some molecules in your body controlled by these hormones also start to increase or decrease. The body starts to produce inflammatory molecules and your brain’s neurochemistry changes too.
Menopause impacts the inner clockwork of our bodies, from brain function to bone reabsorption to fat accumulation.
And each woman’s experience of menopause is different.
Menopausal Symptoms: Causes & Potential Solutions
The current state of the medical system in regards to menopause is changing. For way too long, women have been silent about menopause and their needs during that period — so the topic was neglected by modern medicine.
As a matter of fact, scientists are still trying to find out why and how a woman’s body changes during menopause.
Much of the research presented in this article is at the cutting edge when it comes to interactions between CBD and menopause symptoms.
It’s unlikely your doctor will explain them to you, but I believe the more you understand about the nature of menopause, the easier it will be to find relief.
Here are the 8 menopause symptoms you can alleviate using CBD oil:
1. Aches & Joint Pain
Do you feel achy more often than you used to? Without estrogen, our bodies produce more inflammatory molecules, specifically TNFα — short for tumor necrosis factor (1). A spontaneous increase in the levels of this molecule is associated with a faster onset of menopause.
This means that you may start experiencing arthritis symptoms during menopause. More than 60% of women aged 40–64 struggle with muscle and joint pain (2).
CBD has documented anti-inflammatory properties. As shown in animal models, it can act as an anti-arthritic by protecting joints against inflammatory damage and reducing concentrations of inflammatory TNFα (3).
You can use CBD oil as a supplement to your dietary regimen and low-impact exercise to combat inflammation during menopause.
2. Mood Swings & Depression
Anxiety and depression are common in women during menopause. Estrogen and progesterone regulate the activity of serotonin and other neurotransmitters in the brain, directly affecting mood.
As the levels of these hormones rapidly decrease, your neurochemistry will change, hence the emotional distress.
CBD can help with anxiety on two levels. First, it facilitates serotonin neurotransmission through one of its receptors (5-HT1A), making it more available for the brain and regulating mood (4). Secondly, and most importantly, CBD is able to improve the binding ability of a neurotransmitter known as GABA — GABA acts as the brake pedal for the nervous system, slowing down neurological activity and helping us relax when we experience an anxiety attack (5).
When it comes to depression, CBD offers some remarkable benefits to different causes of this disease. There are a few phase 2 clinical trials being conducted on the effects of CBD for different types of depression.
3. Hot Flashes & Night Sweats
Women frequently joke about hot flashes and night sweats, but this is a serious problem for those going through menopause.
These symptoms are triggered by altered chemistry in the hypothalamus — the body’s own thermoregulator. In short, your body’s cooling abilities — including sweat response and vessel dilation — get activated way too often.
Menopausal women who suffer from hot flashes are triggered when their body temperature rises by only 1.5 degrees, whereas those before menopause have their cooling system switched off unless their temperature increases by almost 3 degrees (6).
Here’s where CBD may help.
Although there’s been no research that has specifically looked for CBD and its influence on hot flashes, its ability to interact with the body’s serotonin system could be one reason why some women use CBD for this symptom.
There actually several other tools that can help you calm the nervous system, such as behavioral therapy, relaxation techniques, or hypnosis.
4. Weight Gain & Diabetes
Hormones play a significant role in shaping our bodies on many levels; this also includes controlling our metabolism.
Without estrogen, our bodies don’t burn as many calories as they did before the plunge — even while sleeping. You may suddenly notice that you also burn less fat during physical activity.
Even if you cut down on calories and avoid weight fluctuation, the ongoing hormonal changes tell your body to sacrifice lean muscle mass in favor of abdominal fat.
This way of storing fat, unfortunately, makes you more exposed to cardiovascular disease, insulin resistance, and diabetes.
According to population studies, adults who use cannabis regularly have lower insulin levels and smaller waist circumferences than those who abstain from cannabinoids (7).
CBD could contribute to that phenomenon by triggering the PPAR-γ receptor that boosts our metabolism. On top of that, CBD also helps increase the production of natural endocannabinoids, including 2-AG, which can mitigate insulin resistance, especially during menopause (8).
5. Genitourinary Syndrome
Estrogen helps maintain proper blood flow to the pelvic region, bringing fresh oxygen to the tissues in the sexual organs and urinary tract. Long story short, it keeps things elastic and healthy.
Once women enter menopause, these functions get easily compromised and lead to an array of unpleasant conditions, such as inflammation, muscle stress, and oversensitivity in those intimate regions.
If that happens to you, I suggest that you use a topical lubricant that contains CBD or THC. Both these cannabinoids are potent vasodilators, which means they can make your body funnel more blood to the pelvic region — moisturizing the vaginal canal.
CBD can also reduce inflammation, relax muscles, and calm the nerves within the vagina.
Our bodies regularly transfer calcium and other minerals between the bloodstream and bones. As we enter the perimenopausal stage, less calcium is added to the bone, and more is taken away, resulting in lowering bone density and making us more exposed to fractures.
New studies suggest that inflammation triggered by arthritis or other conditions might be one of the most significant causes of bone degeneration — the main suspect here is, again, TNFα (9).
It appears that the same anti-inflammatory qualities that make CBD oil a popular choice for arthritis may also contribute to improving your bones’ density.
Although most studies in this subject have been conducted on animal models, I encourage you to use every natural resource if you’ve been diagnosed with osteoporosis. Additionally, you may add resistance exercise to your daily routine, as it also decreases TNFα concentrations.
7. Sleep Deprivation
Many peri- and post-menopausal women experience trouble sleeping. Sleep deprivation can take a serious toll on your health, triggering fatigue and a whole array of other health conditions.
Menopause disrupts sleep on many levels, mainly through increased anxiety and night sweats.
Before you can troubleshoot the best solutions for decreased sleep quality, you’ll need to identify the biggest obstacles between you and a good night’s rest.
In addition to its anti-anxiety properties, CBD can help the user regulate their sleep-wake cycle when it gets disturbed.
CBD helps us remain in the deep stage of sleep for longer — and reduces the time we stay in the REM stage, resulting in restorative sleep (11).
8. Memory Loss
The hippocampus — the brain area responsible for memory, emotion, and learning — is a key component of memory in the human brain. Estrogen and progesterone stimulate the production of neurons in the hippocampus to create new connections, and without these hormones, our memory might suffer.
Scientists are actively researching the benefits of CBD for improving synaptic plasticity and memory loss, specifically in the hippocampus (12). The initial results are promising, to say the list, but we still need more solid evidence to further prove these findings.
Nevertheless, you can use CBD oil along with other ways to protect this region of the brain, such as exercise, spending time with others, avoiding alcohol, cultivating your sex life, and getting restful sleep.
Things to Keep in Mind When Buying CBD Oil for Menopause
Not all CBD oils are created equal. In fact, there’s a large scope of difference when it comes to the quality of different CBD products.
If using this supplement for menopause and its many symptoms, it’s important to aim at the highest quality possible, and preferably in a moderate to high potency.
Here’s what you need to consider when buying CBD oil for menopause:
The source of hemp used in your CBD oil is of paramount importance because it tells you a lot about the quality of the extract.
Hemp acts as a bioaccumulator, meaning it absorbs everything from the soil it’s grown in. By this token, hemp grown in poor soil will result in a poor-quality CBD oil. Not only will such products contain low levels of CBD, but they will also be contaminated with all the pollutants living in that soil.
On the other hand, organically grown hemp plants will yield potent extracts without harmful contamination. Thus, I encourage you to buy CBD oil from manufacturers who get their hemp from domestic farmers and use organic practices.
The extraction method used in the manufacturing of your CBD oil is another make-or-break factor when it comes to its potency and purity.
Reputable companies use CO2 extraction, as it leaves them with a clean and potent product. CO2-extracted oils come in a beautiful amber-gold color, which is an indicator of their high quality.
CBD tinctures, which are a bit different than regular oil drops, use high-proof alcohol to strip the valuable cannabinoids and nutrients from hemp. But when a company uses butane, propane, and other harsh solvents for extraction, it’s best to steer clear of their products.
Cannabinoid Spectrum (Full Spectrum vs. Isolate)
For menopause, I’d recommend using full-spectrum extracts because they contain all the natural compounds from hemp. These molecules create unique synergy and are more effective together than in isolation.
That’s why, in my opinion, full-spectrum CBD oil is superior to CBD isolate. Of course, the latter carries the highest dose of CBD per serving, but unlike full-spectrum extracts, it may lose efficacy beyond certain dosage, which scientists refer to as a “bell-shaped response.”
CBD comes in various potencies, starting from 100mg to even 5000mg per bottle. Your ideal potency will depend on several factors, such as your body weight, metabolism, the severity of your condition, and previous experience with CBD supplements.
If your menopause symptoms are mild and you’ve never taken CBD before, then it’s better to start low and slow. I would go with low-to-moderate potencies such as 250mg for starters.
But on the other hand, if your symptoms negatively impact your everyday performance, you can go with higher dosages. However, keep in mind that larger amounts of CBD can induce sedation and make you feel a bit dizzy due to lowered blood pressure.
When taking any medication, make sure you consult with your doctor prior to taking any CBD product. Cannabidiol interacts with a wide range of drugs and can lead to their increased concentrations in your system.
CBD companies have the option to send their extracts for a thorough analysis to a third-party laboratory.
These laboratories generated by an independent company test for the product’s cannabinoid content and its purity grade. As CBD becomes popular these days, many new manufacturers and products are out in the market now and then. Unfortunately, there are no quality controls for CBD products, thus making it hard to distinguish poor quality products from the finest ones. For this, users need to find and read these third-lab test results from manufacturers before buying any product for their safe consumption.
Lab reports allow the user to verify if the label claims are based on facts and thus should be clearly displayed on your vendor’s website in a dedicated section. If you can’t find them there, don’t panic; try to contact the brand via email or any other channel.
Find me a company that says their products are low-quality and I’ll get you supplied with premium CBD oil for life.
Every CBD brand out there brags about the quality of its products, and there’s one simple way to see if they’re telling the truth
Do some research and read online reviews from verified users before you decide to spend your money on CBD oil.
Make sure to check with different sources for more objective information. Some companies boast 5-star reviews on their website, while third-party sources like Amazon hammer their products with lots of poor opinions.
Summarizing the Benefits of CBD for Menopause
As you begin to experience the first menopause symptoms, it’s an important time to monitor the changes happening within your body and life. By understanding the causes of these symptoms, you will be able to find the best solutions for alleviating them.
I hope this article will help you in this endeavor and contribute to a well-informed CBD oil purchase.
Do you take CBD oil for menopause? Have you noticed any improvements in your symptoms? Share your stories with me!
- Sites, C.K. et al. (2002). Menopause-related Differences in Inflammation Markers and Their Relationship to Body Fat Distribution and Insulin-stimulated Glucose Disposal. Fertility and Sterility, 77(1), 128–135.
- Makara-Studzińśka, M. T., Kryś-Noszczyk, K. M., & Jakiel, G. (2014). Epidemiology of the symptoms of menopause – an intercontinental review. Przeglad menopauzalny = Menopause review, 13(3), 203–211.
- Malfait, A.M., Gallily, R., Sumariwalla, P.F., Malik, A.S., Andreakos, E., Mechoulam, R., and Feldman, M. (2000). The Nonpsychoactive Cannabis Constituent Cannabidiol is an Oral Anti-arthritic Therapeutic in Murine Collagen-induced Arthritis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 97(17), 9561–9566.
- Sales, A.J., Crestani, C.C., Guimaraes, F.S., Joca, S.R.L. (2018). Antidepressant-like Effect Induced by Cannabidiol is Dependent on Brain Serotonin Levels. Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Psychiatry, 30(86), 255-261.
- Blessing, E. M., Steenkamp, M. M., Manzanares, J., & Marmar, C. R. (2015). Cannabidiol as a Potential Treatment for Anxiety Disorders. Neurotherapeutics : the journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics, 12(4), 825–836. doi:10.1007/s13311-015-0387-1
- Freedman, R.R., Krell, W. (1999). Reduced Thermoregulatory Null Zone in Postmenopausal Women With Hot Flashes. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 181(1), 66-70.
- Penner, E.A., Buettner, H., Mittleman, M.A. (2013). The Impact of Marijuana Use on Glucose, Insulin, and Insulin Resistance among US Adults. The American Journal of Medicine, 126(7), 583-589.
- Fanelli, F., Mezullo, M., Baccini, M., Casadio, E., Gasparini, D.I., Vicennati, V., Pasquali, R. & Pagotto, U. (2017) Menopause is a Major determinant of Endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoylglycerol Plasma Level and of its Relevance as Biomarker of Dyslipidemia and Insulin Resistance in Lean Women. Endocrine Abstracts, 49, EP669.
- Mundy, G.R. (2007). Osteoporosis and Inflammation. International Life Sciences Institute, 141-151.
- Murillo-Rodríguez, E., Sarro-Ramírez, A., Sánchez, D., Mijangos-Moreno, S., Tejeda-Padrón, A., Poot-Aké, A., … Arias-Carrión, O. (2014). Potential effects of cannabidiol as a wake-promoting agent. Current neuropharmacology, 12(3), 269–272.
- Linares, I., Guimaraes, F. S., Eckeli, A., Crippa, A., Zuardi, A. W., Souza, J., … Crippa, J. (2018). No Acute Effects of Cannabidiol on the Sleep-Wake Cycle of Healthy Subjects: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Crossover Study. Frontiers in pharmacology, 9, 315.
- Beale, C., Broyd, S. J., Chye, Y., Suo, C., Schira, M., Galettis, P., … Solowij, N. (2018). Prolonged Cannabidiol Treatment Effects on Hippocampal Subfield Volumes in Current Cannabis Users. Cannabis and cannabinoid research, 3(1), 94–107.
Nina created CFAH.org following the birth of her second child. She was a science and math teacher for 6 years prior to becoming a parent — teaching in schools in White Plains, New York and later in Paterson, New Jersey.
CBD Oil for Menopause – The Ultimate Guide
Menopause is a normal, natural process that all women go through as they age. The word “menopause” can describe any or all of the changes a woman goes through just before or after she stops menstruating, which marks the end of her reproductive years.
All women are born with a finite number of eggs, stored in the ovaries. The ovaries also produce the main hormones involved in ovulation – estrogen and progesterone. When the ovaries no longer produce these hormones and stop ovulating each month, women are said to be in menopause.
Many women welcome menopause (no more need for pads and tampons, and no more pregnancy worries), but most women experience at least some symptoms of “the change.” Some symptoms of menopause are not serious, while others (particularly mood changes and so-called hot flashes) can make women feel uncomfortable, frustrated and no longer in control of their bodies.
In the US, the average age for menopause is 51 years.
Why take CBD oil for menopause?
Research has suggested that CBD may have many health benefits, ranging from relieving pain to treating depression and anxiety, and possibly also reducing the specific symptoms of menopause. CBD is one of many substances that occur in marijuana. Unlike tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), another cannabinoid, CBD is not psychoactive – it will not get you high, but it may have other health benefits.
Is CBD good for menopause?
CBD may work on the body in a range of ways to help menopause symptoms. Of particular interest is the way that it interacts with cannabinoid receptors. The endocannabinoid system is a collection of cell receptors, called cannabinoid receptors, which are present in the brain, organs, and other tissues throughout the body. The endocannabinoid system works by interacting with chemical messengers, including CBD. Researchers believe that this system plays an essential role in many bodily functions and other aspects of health, including immune function, pain, memory, sleep, mood regulation, and temperature regulation
Menopause seems to disrupt the endocannabinoid system, and there are cannabinoid receptors throughout the female reproductive system, so it is possible that CBD oil could reduce some of the symptoms relating to menopause.
CBD oil dosage for menopause
Everyone is different and individual. So the effective dosage for you may vary depending on your menopause symptoms, the way you choose to take CBD, and your personal attributes. But we always recommend starting on a low dose, and then moving up in strength if it feels necessary. Particularly as it can take a short period of time for CBD to build up and start to have an effect on your body.
Our suggested CBD oil dosage for menopause would start with our 4% CBD Oil, taking 1-3 drops orally under your tongue. And repeating this twice per day.
If you don’t enjoy the taste, you could try our CBD Capsules, which are vegan-friendly and also include Turmeric and Black Pepper. We recommend 1-2 capsules taken in the morning and evening.
CBD oil for menopause symptoms
If going into menopause has left you feeling like the conventional medical system doesn’t understand your needs, you’re not alone. Scientists are still uncovering why and how our bodies change during menopause.
Here are some ways women find CBD helps them with menopause symptoms:
- CBD has proven anti-inflammatory properties, potentially reducing the aches and pains many women feel as they age.
- Many women swear that CBD’s influence on the serotonin system help them experience fewer and less painful hot flashes. This study looked at the link between serotonin and hot flashes.
- Population studies have found that adults who use cannabis products have lower insulin levels and smaller waist circumstances, and may be at lower risk for developing type II diabetes as they age.
CBD oil for menopause mood swings
A 2010 study in mice found that CBD operates in a similar way to antidepressant medications in the brain, and reduced symptoms of depression. This could mean that CBD could also help to stabilize mood swings in menopausal women.
CBD oil for menopause research and studies
Bone density loss is a major concern for women as they age. Low bone density can increase the chance of bruises and fractures, so it is important to optimize bone density. A 2008 study found that endocannabinoids like CBD may play a role in reducing the bone density loss that naturally occurs in menopause.
Another frequent complaint of menopausal woman is poor sleep. A 2016 study found that CBD was able to reduce sleep disturbances and anxiety in the study participants, suggesting it may also be useful in treating the sleep disturbances associated with menopause.
How to take CBD oil for menopause
We always recommend that people who haven’t used CBD before start on a low dose, which will allow your body’s endocannabinoid system to wake up gradually. Our 4% Full Spectrum CBD Oil is a good strength for beginners. If you feel you need to increase your dose, or if you have used CBD before and know you need a higher dose, we also have an 8% CBD Oil and a 15% CBD Oil available.
To take CBD Oil orally, you should take 1 to 3 drops under the tongue twice per day. Hold the drops under your tongue for at least one minute before swallowing, which enables the CBD to get into your bloodstream sooner so it can start taking effect.
If swallowing CBD oil is not your preferred way to enjoy the potential benefits of CBD, you can try vaping, where the oil can be added to liquid for e-cigarettes. There are many ways to take CBD oil easily, effectively, and discreetly.
More useful menopause links:
Hopefully our guide to using CBD Oil for Menopause has helped you understand the potential benefits and ways in which CBD can alleviate some of the symptoms and problems you might be experiencing. If you’ve found it useful, you may also be interested in some of our other guides to CBD and specific health issues, including:
WE ARE KYND shop
KYND products are intended for use by those of the appropriate legal age according to local law.