The Side Effects of CBD Oil for Dogs and Cats
The health benefits of CBD (cannabidiol) have made it all the rage lately. More and more people and pet owners are beginning to uncover the magic of CBD products like CBD oil and pet CBD treats and all of their natural healing properties and benefits.
Before giving your dog CBD, you need to know what CBD is, the role it plays in health, etc. As well, you need to know that research regarding CBD and its benefits, along with the potential side effects, has not been heavily investigated in many dog and cat studies. Most of the participants of research on CBD and CBD products side effects have been people with animal studies mainly on rats. As such, if you’re interested in using CBD oil for yourself, this article will have a lot of information for you. Many pet owners are taking CBD just as much as they are giving it to their dog or cat.
However, Something to keep in mind is that cats, dogs, and people have very similar immune systems, brain pathways, and internal organ functioning. These minor different though incredibly similar commonalities mean that people parallel cats and dogs more than you might have previously thought. The few studies on CBD and dogs back this up.
With people responding to CBD in the same way that dogs and cats do, the outcomes of research and studies that focused on people’s use of CBD can be applied to the reactions that pets have to CBD. But the question remains: are CBD products safe for our pets?
As a pet owner, your biggest concern when it comes to your cat or dog is always their health. It can be scary to think about introducing something new to your pet without knowing everything there is to know about the product, especially when it comes to CBD oil. Don’t worry we were the same way.
To release the hesitation and fear associated with trying CBD oil for cats and dogs, we suggest staying up-to-date on the latest findings and most current information. After all, there is already such a discrepancy between what people believe about CBD oil for pets and what is actually true of the substance.
How do you know if your pet will react positively to CBD oil? Well, you will never truly know until you give it a try, but our article will leave you calmer and more assured if you opt into CBD oil for dogs and cats or another similar CBD product. First, let’s dive into CBD oil and what it really is, and then we can talk more about the potential side effects of CBD and CBD products on dogs and cats.
Before using CBD oil for yourself or giving your dog CBD, it’s important to understand what CBD is. CBD is the shorthand version of a substance and a cannabinoid compound called cannabidiol. Since CBD is still on the rise, there are many misunderstandings that surround this plant-based soothing oil. As an alternative to THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, CBD can’t cause a high and presents significantly lower potential side effects. In total, there are 113 known cannabinoids that have been found in cannabis which includes both hemp and marijuana plants to date. While CBD is derived from cannabis plants and sometimes marijuana plants, this is not what causes the feeling of being high that people associated with marijuana and cannabis. Marijuana itself does not cause changes in the brain, and subsequently, in the body. Instead, the actual cannabinoids that are extracted from these plants are what does or does not create the feeling of being high. But believe it or not, out of all the cannabinoids, there is only one cannabinoid found in cannabis that’s concentrated enough that, when consumed, causes the high sensation. That cannabinoid is tetrahydrocannabinol, which CBD products legally have to contain little to no THC. In the U.S., CBD products are legally allowed to contain trace amounts of it(0.3% or less). This is why it’s usually derived from hemp as hemp is naturally low in THC vs marijuana. Never will this percentage be enough to create psychoactive effects in your pets and nowhere near enough to cause a toxicity. But it is good to be aware of your pet’s reaction to even the smallest doses of THC as they are possible side effects with it. If your dog or cat has negative reactions to even the smallest amounts of THC, hope is not lost. Instead of looking for CBD, you can modify your search for pure CBD oil for pets. Pure and organic CBD comes straight from the hemp plant, rather than a marijuana plant. Hemp greatly eradicates any possibility that the CBD oil for dogs and cats can contain enough THC for possible side effects. Then, a reputable company will test their CBD for absolute safety. Since there is often a lot of confusion regarding the difference between hemp and marijuana plants, the assumption tends to be that CBD produces a body and mind high, just like THC. This is very inaccurate, however. CBD creates the calming effects that THC often ignites, though THC can sometimes provoke the opposite effect and cause a pet, or even a person, to become overly anxious and hyperactive. Since this is the exact behavior people are trying to achieve, THC can pose a risk of your pets experiencing an adverse reaction.Both THC and CBD work with the endocannabinoid system with CBD working naturally with the endocannabinoid system by mirroring self-created endocannabinoids. THC, on the other hand, pushes the endocannabinoid system past what’s naturally possible.
- Increased levels of fatigue and sudden exhaustion
- Uncharacteristic tiredness during daily activities
- Drowsiness and loss of total muscle control
- Decrease in paw-eye coordination
- Thirst levels increase due to dry mouth effects of CBD oil
- Slower heart rate and decrease in blood pressure as CBD oil sets in and body calms down
Now that you know about the side effects of CBD oil, you might be wondering about the risks associated with CBD oil for dogs and cats. Well, we are pleased to let you know that there are little to none. This might sound too good to be true, but trust us when we tell you that there are little known risks of CBD oil for pets.
The biggest detrimental aspect of CBD is that the research of CBD side effects on dogs and cats is low. However, the findings gathered from research with humans and CBD has been applied to CBD oil for pets with confidence and backed by individual experiences.
- More readily accepted by the body than many prescription drugs
- Can’t cause a high
- Impossible to OD on CBD
Because the use of CBD can help maintain general health along with its anti-inflammatory benefits and to help treat chronic pain, it has set off a flood of companies looking to make a quick buck off the popularity, jeopardizing the safety of CBD. This includes companies that make CBD for humans and those for animals.
When looking into companies that produce and sell CBD for dogs and cats, you will want to do some research.
Cannabis is an incredible plant, but especially with pets, marijuana can complicate some things. If you are eager to try CBD oil for your pets after looking into the health benefits, both mental and physical, then there are a few things to keep in mind.
Before giving your dog CBD oil products, know that your pet’s age and weight will play a role in how much CBD oil you should give your cat or dog at once.
While nothing life-threatening will happen to your pet should you accidentally administer a higher dose than necessary, your pet may become very tired and want to go off and sleep.
Now, using CBD at larger doses is fine. For some users, this is the desired outcome, and prefer a high dosage of CBD. But most cats and dogs don’t have issues with getting enough sleep so dosages tend to stay lower. As well, higher doses can bring out heavier CBD side effects.
Buying CBD oil for your dog or cat to help improve and maintain their health is an exciting first step to creating a calmer mind and healthy body.
But where do you turn to when you’re ready to purchase CBD oil for pets? Look no further than Innovet!
We produce the finest organic CBD dog treats and CBD oils for cats and dogs. And, we just don’t stop at the cannabinoids to achieve a higher quality CBD product; we use hemp seed oil for a lower calorie carrier oil.
Our CBD hemp dog treats are delicious, and our soft chews are a chewy fun treat for your dog or cat.
View our inventory of CBD products for pets today! And remember, the quality of your pet’s health is of absolute importance, so feel free to contact us with any questions.
At Innovet Pet, our goal is to always provide CBD products whose quality and safety are always unmatched. We treat your pet’s health as if they were our own.
Is CBD a Blood Thinner?
Cannabidiol, also known as CBD, is extensively studied for its potential health benefits and medical uses. While some of its aspects are yet to be proven scientifically, CBD already shows potential for its skincare, pain relief, and stress relief benefits. And if you have difficulties sleeping, many people recommend adding CBD to your routine.
While we can’t conclusively prove all of CBD’s benefits, we do know that it’s a safe, non-psychoactive way to approach several conditions. And while that’s generally true, CBD does have its fair share of potentially concerning effects that arise from its interaction with various systems in your body. Particularly, medical experts have concerns about its blood-thinning capabilities. While multiple studies suggest CBD may contribute to blood thinning, the big question remains: Is CBD a blood thinner?
What Are Blood Thinners?
Blood thinners are medications, taken orally or intravenously, to prevent blood clots from forming. Clots can block the flow of blood to your heart, brain, and lungs. While blood clotting is a vital process in your body, too much clotting can trigger potentially dangerous complications.
Different blood thinners work differently; some thin the blood by preventing blood cells from sticking together in your blood vessels. However, most blood thinners are antiplatelets and anticoagulants, meaning that they work by increasing the time it takes for blood clots to form. Some common anticoagulant blood thinners are Warfarin, Heparin, and Enoxaparin.
How Do Blood Thinners Work?
Different enzyme systems metabolize different medications in your body. Specifically, most medications are metabolized by the cytochrome P-450 system, commonly known as the CYP450 system. This system of enzymes is found within your liver; it’s responsible for metabolizing and processing the chemicals that are contained in most medications. This system contains approximately 50 distinct enzymes that address your blood’s workings. The CYP450 system is essential when it comes to drug prescription and establishing the right dosages.
Anticoagulant Effects of CBD
Full-spectrum CBD products such as CBD oil contain a range of cannabinoids and terpenes but have a THC concentration of 0.3% or less. As such, these products contain traces of CBN and THC alongside CBD. In-vitro tests conducted to establish the effect of a cannabis extract on thrombin (enzyme in the blood that causes clotting) activity gave an IC50 value of ~9 mg/ml compared to ~2 mg/ml for THC . This means that CBD has a greater effect on your body’s clotting system than THC does.
In a separate study, researchers used a cannabis extract to treat obese and lean lab rats. Results indicated that half of the clotting times recorded were two times greater than the control groups (rats that were not treated with the cannabis extract). These studies indicated that the cannabinoids CBD, THC, and CBN have an anticoagulant effect.
Other studies have also indicated that CBD oil affects anticoagulants and platelets by inhibiting their production, thereby increasing blood clotting times.
CBD and Blood Thinners
Studies suggest an interaction between CBD and Warfarin, the most common anticoagulant on the market. The CYP450 system largely metabolizes Warfarin, and CBD appears to inhibit enzymes belonging to this class. This is because it competes as a substrate for the CYP450 system, which may inhibit the system’s activity.
Specifically, CBD may act as a potent competitive inhibitor for all the enzymes in the CYP450 system, which may cause Warfarin to stay in your bloodstream for too long since its breakdown is impaired. As such, taking CBD may increase Warfarin plasma concentration in your body, as well as the INR (time taken for your blood to clot). This could potentially cause bleeding complications.
Is It Safe to Use CBD and Blood Thinners Together?
Blood thinners are a common prescription for people with various medical conditions. And many people turn to CBD oil for relief of some symptoms from chronic medical conditions. While individuals may take these two substances for different reasons, you must be extremely cautious, since not all blood interacts positively with CBD.
Now, we aren’t telling you to throw away your CBD if you are taking blood thinners: instead, you must consult your doctor if you wish to use CBD products.
Many anticoagulants can cause prolonged bleeding, unusual bruising, and gum bleeding. But certain medications such as Dabigatran, Edoxaban, and Heparin have no known interaction with CBD. Still, the effects of combining these medications and CBD is still unclear. Seeking your doctor’s advice before using CBD and blood thinners together, therefore, may prevent any unexpected side effects.
Essentially, CBD can have an additive or synergistic effect with blood thinners. “Additive” would mean that the resultant effect of using the substances together is the combined power of their individual effects. On the other hand, “synergistic” would mean that using the substances together would have a greater effect than the sum of their individual effects. That means that CBD could effectively increase the potency of your prescribed blood thinner, which could be dangerous.
You may ask why it is important to consult your doctor before using an anticoagulant together with CBD. Prescribed medications are absorbed differently by your body and may respond differently when combined with other substances, such as CBD. Your doctor will help you create a viable plan of using the two together, most likely by adjusting your daily intake of CBD. But keep in mind that your doctor may also tell you to avoid CBD entirely. And you should follow all professional medical advice when it comes to your CBD regimen.
Is It Possible to Safely Use CBD and a Blood Thinner?
Provided an anticoagulant isn’t metabolized by your CYP450 system (which also metabolizes CBD), there is a possibility that it can be used together with CBD without causing undesirable effects such as prolonged bleeding. Potentially acceptable anticoagulants include Apixaban and Rivaroxaban.
Dabigatran is another oral anticoagulant that isn’t metabolized through the CYP450 system. What’s more, this blood thinner is one of the few identified with no drug-drug or drug-food interactions. It can be considered a viable substitute for Warfarin. Nevertheless, you should always consult a health practitioner before using any anticoagulant alongside CBD, even a Warfarin substitute.
Now, even if your doctor clears CBD use with blood thinners, the safest approach is to start with a lower than recommended dose for your particular CBD product. If medically permitted, you can increase the dosage gradually, with time, if necessary to achieve your desired effects. Factors such as weight, health, and general tolerance to medication are all variables to consider if you wish to add CBD to your medication regimen.
What Is the Best Way to Take CBD When Using Blood Thinners?
CBD products can be taken in several ways. CBD oil can be taken through sublingual administration (placing under the tongue), vaping, or capsules. Your doctor will help you evaluate the various forms of CBD administration and establish one that is likely to cause the least effect when combined with blood thinners.
Are There Any Side Effects When Using CBD and Blood Thinners?
Depending on your prescribed blood thinner, you may experience various side effects after CBD use. For blood thinners whose interaction with CBD is known (such as Warfarin), undesirable side effects are more likely to occur. Some of these include:
- Prolonged bleeding, including nosebleed, heavy menstrual bleeding, and even internal hemorrhage
- Brown or red urine
- Unusual and frequent bruising
- Black or bloody stool
- Chronic stomach pain
- Vomiting blood
- Unusual tiredness, weakness, or dizziness
- Joint pain and discomfort, especially if you’re injured
These side effects are serious and require immediate medical attention.
Other mild or less serious side effects including:
- Diarrhea and loss of appetite
Can CBD Be Used in Place of Conventional Blood Thinners?
Currently, conclusive studies indicate that CBD can be used in place of anticoagulants such as Warfarin. As such, it would be right to say that CBD is not a medically-sanctioned blood thinner. Rat studies indicate CBD’s possible anticoagulant effects. But these studies only validate the anticoagulant activity of cannabinoids, such as cannabinol (CBN) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
Given the limited studies on its anticoagulant activity, CBD cannot be termed as a blood thinner. As such, you should consult a medical practitioner before considering CBD as a possible replacement for any blood-thinning drug. You must also be aware of the possible side effects that may arise from adding CBD to your medication routine. While it may still be beneficial to use CBD products alongside blood thinners, only your doctor can determine the safety of this plan. And, even if you’re allowed to add CBD to your routine, you must consider your health, weight, and the dosage of the CBD product to be used before starting a new routine.