How Much CBD Oil Should I Give My Dog?
CBD dosage for pets may seem difficult at first glance, but once you understand the basic measurements and do simple math, you’ll be able to easily gauge the optimal dosage for your furry friend.
Dogs and other pets have an endocannabinoid system — just like humans.
Therefore, it can produce similar effects in our four-legged friends, boosting their health in a natural and safe way.
For many people, cannabis and pets don’t go well together in one sentence due to the stigma associated with THC.
Of course, THC can have an intoxicating effect on your dog, leading to a few unwanted side effects, but in this article, we focus solely on CBD.
CBD, as you may already know, is non-intoxicating; it can even counter the psychoactive high from THC.
Hemp-derived CBD oils contain up to 0.3% THC, which isn’t enough to get your pet “stoned.”
Without further ado, let’s take a look at different CBD dosages for dogs so you can easily figure out how much CBD you should give your pup.
Benefits of CBD Oil for Dogs
CBD can help your dog in many aspects, from minor discomforts to more serious health concerns. As mentioned, dogs have endocannabinoid systems that regulate major biological processes within their bodies. The ability to maintain self-regulation is known as homeostasis.
A healthy endocannabinoid system ensures proper communication between every other network in your dog’s body.
Here are some of the most common problems CBD oil can help your dog with:
- Anxiety and stress
- Joint stiffness and impaired mobility
- Digestive issues
In addition, studies have linked CBD to the earlier death of cancer cells and slower tumor development in certain types of cancer.
Please note that the above information is based on preclinical research and is not intended to provide medical advice. If you need professional guidance for giving your dog CBD oil, consult a veterinarian who has the knowledge about the benefits of CBD for pets. A qualified veterinarian will also help you figure out how much CBD oil you should give your dog.
How Much CBD Should I Give My Dog? 5 Things to Consider
For pet owners who are just getting started with using CBD oil, figuring out the right CBD dosage for their dogs can be difficult.
There are five major factors that influence the amount of CBD you should give your dog:
- Consumption method
- The potency of CBD in your product
- Your dog’s size (weight)
- The severity of symptoms
- Your dog’s activity level
Let’s elaborate on each of these factors.
1. Consumption Method
CBD comes in many different forms; however, for dogs and other pets, these options are limited when compared to humans.
There are 3 main forms in which you can find CBD for dogs:
- CBD oil
- Topical creams
CBD oil is by far the best product for dogs because it combines high bioavailability with a long duration of effects.
However, not every dog will like the distinct earthy taste of full-spectrum CBD oil. If you have a fussy dog, you may consider adding CBD pet treats into its diet. CBD edibles usually taste better than oil and offer a fixed CBD dose in each serving, which definitely wins over CBD oil in terms of convenience.
However, the effects of CBD edibles may need more time to take hold, usually within 30–90 minutes after ingestion. And since the CBD must be metabolized in your dog’s digestive system, it will receive less CBD overall.
Topical creams infused with CBD work best for localized problems when your dog suffers from different types of physical discomfort. This type of product is the easiest to dose because you apply it as needed. Topicals are also relatively fast-acting because the CBD doesn’t absorb into the bloodstream; instead, they bind to cannabinoid receptors in the deeper layers of your dog’s skin.
2. The Size of Your Pet
As with any health supplement, the dosage is most often calculated by weight.
Generally speaking, smaller puppies will need less CBD to experience the same effects as larger dogs. Some CBD products have their dosage recommendation listed on the bottles, which makes dosing easier from the start.
The larger your dog, the more CBD oil you’ll need to give them. Sometimes, you’ll need to choose a higher potency option to make your dog’s supplementation affordable in the long run.
This brings us to the next point.
3. The Potency of CBD in Your Product
Potency refers to the number of milligrams contained in each milliliter of the oil. A single CBD serving size for dogs is usually ½ – 1 mL, so if a bottle contains 30 mL of CBD oil, you have about 30–60 servings per bottle.
If you have a small dog, you can choose from the lowest potency options. But with larger dogs, low-potency oils may prove cost-prohibitive over time.
If your dog needs to consume more than 1 mL of CBD oil daily, we recommend that you switch to a more potent oil.
4. The Severity of Your Dog’s Condition
CBD offers many great benefits for your dog’s health, but it’s not a miracle drug. Although Royal CBD products can improve your dog’s daily life, they are not intended to prevent, diagnose, or treat any medical condition.
With that said, the amount of CBD oil you should give your dog will depend on the severity of symptoms they experience. If the symptoms include mild anxiety or temporary joint pain, your dog may need smaller doses to manage them. In case of a more severe condition, pet owners often choose high-potency oils to find the effective dosage. This is especially true for large dogs.
5. The Dog’s Activity Level
This factor is also important to take into account because your dog’s activity level determines the pace at which CBD will be metabolized in their system. When it comes to drug metabolism, we once again recommend that you speak to your dog’s veterinarian to avoid potential interactions between CBD and any medication that your dog may be on at the time.
General CBD Dosage Recommendations for Dogs
While we won’t tell you exactly how much CBD oil you should give your dog, there are a few tips we can share with you to make your dog’s CBD routine more accurate.
Based on the dog’s weight, you can start out with 2–5 mg of CBD per day and continue with the dosage for about a week. Monitor the effects, and if you don’t see any difference in the symptoms, you can increase the dose by 2–5 mg for another week. Repeat until you find a dose that works for your dog.
A reputable company should provide its dosage recommendations at the back of the bottle. You can use them as a decent point of reference for your trial and error.
Always start at the low end of the dose, increasing gradually once you know how your dog responds to CBD oil.
Size Matters: Figuring Out How Much CBD Oil You Should Give Your Dog by Weight
In this section, we’ll cover different CBD dosage recommendations for dogs based on their size — measured in weight.
Dogs are smaller than humans, so they generally need less CBD to achieve the desired effects. Even large dogs are about ⅓ the size of an average human, so the initial dose around 1–3 mg CBD makes sense.
Let’s take a look at how much CBD your dog will need by relative weight.
1. CBD Dosage for Extra Small Dogs (2–15 lbs)
For extra small dogs, it’s best to use the least amount of CBD.
However, tiny dogs have an exceptionally fast metabolism, meaning their body will break down CBD faster and make it less available for the body.
Increasing the frequency of CBD administration to 3–4 doses per day should do the trick.
If your dog has never taken CBD before, the initial CBD dose of 1 mg may be enough for a start.
For behavioral problems like anxiety, we suggest that you measure out ½ mg worth of oil and add a few drops later if you don’t see improvements for the next, say, 5 days of use.
It’s best to start by giving your dog CBD oil twice daily. Each time you want to up the dosage, you can use 2-mg increments until your dog finds some relief.
Extra small dogs shouldn’t take more than 15 mg CBD daily.
Keep in mind that these are just general figures and shouldn’t be taken as a veterinary recommendation or medical advice.
2. CBD Dosage for Small Dogs (15 – 30 lbs)
After surveying our customers on different CBD dosages for medium dogs, we’ve noticed that many pet owners achieve success with a starting dose of 2 mg, and increasing it by 3 mg until they feel the difference.
For most medium-sized dogs, a dose of 5 mg CBD daily should do the trick. The maximum dose of CBD for a dog that weighs less than 30 lbs is about 20 mg per day.
3. CBD Dosage for Medium Dogs (30 – 60 lbs)
As mentioned, larger dogs may need more CBD to experience the desired effects.
How much CBD oil should you give a medium dog at first?
It’s generally believed that a dose of 3 mg CBD is a good starting point, depending on the severity of your dog’s symptoms.
For behavioral conditions like anxiety, ADHD, or poor appetite, we recommend giving your dog 3 mg of CBD twice a day.
Make sure to monitor your dog’s behavior to notice if the effects of CBD are taking hold.
If you don’t see any difference, increase the dose by another 3 mg, trying not to go beyond 30 mg per day.
4. CBD Dosage for Large Dogs (60–150 lbs)
For the owners of large dogs, we recommend following the same general guidelines as for medium dogs. However, if you have a very large dog, you can expect to have a much higher dose. Every dog may react differently to CBD, so again, we suggest that you start at the lowest dosage and slowly work your way up by 3-5 mg per dose until your dog experiences signs of relief.
CBD for Dogs Dosing Chart
Wondering how much CBD oil you should give your dog? Here’s a quick overview of the dosage recommendations based on different weight groups:
|Dog’s weight||Mild effects||Medium effects||Strong effects|
|10 lbs||1 mg||3 mg||5 mg|
|20 lbs||2 mg||6 mg||10 mg|
|30 lbs||3 mg||8 mg||15 mg|
|40 lbs||4 mg||10 mg||20 mg|
|50 lbs||5 mg||12 mg||25 mg|
|60 lbs||6 mg||14 mg||30 mg|
|70 lbs||7 mg||16 mg||35 mg|
|80 lbs||8 mg||18 mg||40 mg|
|90 lbs||9 mg||20 mg||45 mg|
|100 lbs||10 mg||24 mg||50 mg|
At Royal CBD, we cover the entire potency spectrum of CBD oils, with two low-strength options for dogs of different sizes. In the next section, we explain how much CBD oil you should give your dog using our products.
Get the Right Dose for Your Dog With Royal CBD Oil
For dogs, we usually recommend our 250 mg and 500 mg bottles. Owners of extra large dogs should find the 1000 mg bottle the most affordable in the long run. Here are the basic dosage guidelines for this type of CBD:
What dose of CBD oil do I use for my dog?
If you are wondering when and how to use CBD oil for your dog, you’re not alone! Luckily we have some controlled research to help guide us in our decision for dosing hemp and CBD products for dogs. (1, 2)
Based on the latest research about CBD use in dogs, we know that 1-2 milligrams per kilogram CBD is a good starting point for most dogs. Now, use the dog’s weight to determine how that might look:
Example: 45 pound border collie with joint pain. Divide 45lb by 2.2 and you get 20.45kg. 20-40milligrams of CBD would be appropriate.
To avoid conversion, you can use 0.45-0.9 milligrams per pound CBD. Multiply by the dogs weight (in this case, 45lb) and you will also get 20-40 milligrams of CBD per dose.
Importantly, you must know how many milligrams per milliliter (or bottle) is in your pet’s CBD product. Reputable companies should have mg/ml or total bottle mg count and volume right on the label. At VetCS, we make easy dosing instructions available on every bottle. Week 1 dose is 2mg/kg and Week 2+ dose is 1mg/kg.
Going back to the border collie, if you bought a 1200mg bottle of CBD oil and it’s total volume is 30ml, then that formula is 40mg/ml. We wanted 20-40mg CBD per dose, so you would give 0.5-1ml twice daily to help the joint pain. We often recommend the higher dosing amount (1ml in this case) for moderate to severe pain.
How often should you dose CBD? Research has shown that the half-life range in dogs given CBD oil is 3-4.2 hours. (3,4) That means dosing twice daily is best for your pup. However, when using CBD to relieve anxiety (car trips, thunderstorms, etc), simply dosing 30 minutes before an anticipated stressful event is all you need to give. For other conditions such as mobility issues, seizures, and decreased appetite, twice daily dosing is recommended to best help your dog.
Remember that dosing is dependent on condition as well. Dogs with anxiety typically respond to much lower doses of CBD (0.25-0.5mg/kg) than dogs continuing to have seizures despite numerous pharmaceuticals. In these instances, talking to your veterinarian is best with pets that are already on medications. Alternatively, our team at VetCS can help you determine dosing, just contact us by phone, email, or chat!