Small co2 extractor for cbd oil

Supercritical CO2 Extractor

extraktLAB’s supercritical CO2 extractor delivers the highest daily throughput of biomass processing in the industry, while also delivering the lowest processing costs of CO2 extracted output oil.

Extraction Guide

This guide will take you through the hemp and cannabis industry step by step covering the history of hemp and CBD extraction, CBD processing…

CBD Processing

It covers a variety of production techniques and topics including hemp farming, decortication, grinding, industrial hemp, how to make CBD distillate…

CBD Extraction

Hemp extraction is the crucial step in creating familiar CBD extract products like tinctures, topicals and vapor products, and there are several methods by which…

Supercritical CO2 Extraction

There are many methods to accomplish hemp extraction – many of which are effective in their own way. However, the CO2 extraction process is often…

CO2 Extraction

In the world of hemp and other various plant extracts there are a variety of extraction methods by which these products are created. While some of…

Industrial Hemp

Industrial hemp has become widely grown and cultivated within recent years as a result of a change in legislation that has allowed hemp production…

Post Extraction

Let’s take a look at the post extraction processes necessary to make high quality extraction products. See the next steps to create a high quality extract…

CBD Products at Each Stage of Extraction

In this article, we will take a look at five commonly sold products that are derived from the hemp extraction process…

Opportunities in Hemp Industry

It doesn’t matter whether you are a farmer, extractor or investor, there are a wealth of opportunities throughout the hemp industry for anyone willing to put in the effort to capitalize on them.

Topics and Information Guide

Why Supercritical CO2 Fluid Extraction?

  • It has become one of the most successful clean and green botanical extraction methods in the hemp and botanical oils industry.
  • It is capable of heightened efficiency with higher profitability.
  • It is increasingly popular among extract producers competing at the highest level.

As opposed to other particular extraction solvents like hydrocarbons and ethanol, supercritical fluid extraction solvents like CO2 have higher extraction yields, increased solvation selectivity, improved fractionation and diffusion capabilities, and drastically reduced carbon emissions.

What’s more, CO2 used in supercritical fluid extraction has nearly zero possibilities for chemical denaturant contamination as found in various ethanol extracts. For these reasons, it is the ideal solvent used in this industry.

Learn More About Our Extractors

While we pride ourselves in creating the most efficient, highest throughput, fully automated supercritical CO2 extractors in the industry, we have recognized the needs for specific products in terms of price and scale. Our M-120 manual extractor, and our M-2.5 Benchtop Extractor are incredibly useful solutions for your particular niche.

M-120 extractor

The M-120 CO2 extractor is a great option for entry level extractors to start using extraktLAB’s supercritical CO2 extraction technology while saving on the costs of a fully automated system. The M-120 is built on the footprint of the E-140 extractor with a biomass processing throughput of up to 250 lbs per day. The M-120 has a single extraction vessel and collection vessel and has a simple on/off user interface that is easy to operate while maintaining high efficiency extraction.

M-2.5 Benchtop Extractor

The M-2.5 Benchtop Extractor is extraktLAB’s answer to the small batch producer and R&D extractor in mind. This small-scale extractor packs a punch with a 1.6 pounds/run throughput, sub and supercritical extraction capability, a range of temperature and pressure controls and an optional co-solvent pump for enhanced extraction. The M-2.5 also comes standard with a HMI touchscreen interface to control data logging, temperature and pressure control.

The Most Efficient Supercritical CO2 Extractor

When it comes to profitability, extraktLAB creates the most advanced and efficient CO2 extractors for sale in the hemp botanical oils market.

As an example, extraktLAB’s most popular equipment, the e-140, is capable of an impressive 422 lbs/day processing throughput all while occupying just 24 sq ft in total.

Depending on the facility in which you are operating, you can easily scale up with the e-180, with a staggering 844 lbs/day throughput in just 48 sq ft, or start small with the e-110 at 79 lbs/day in 24 sq ft.

Every E-Series extractor from extraktLAB is built with automated process control, programmable methods, automated extraction cycles, maintenance tracking and data reporting to streamline production in a concise, powerful, intuitive extractor.

Each of these machines are built with GMP compliance in mind using FDA approved materials, batch, operator and parameter tracking and internal certifications all housed in FDA approved ASME 304 and 316 structural grade stainless steel.

Highest throughput systems on the market

  • The extraktLAB e-180 is the fastest, most advanced and most powerful supercritical CO2 extractor on the market today.
  • It can process 844 lbs of biomass per day!
  • Designed to provide high yield in a short period of time while staying GMP compliant.
  • Variety of extraction methods.

Can CO2 be Used to Extract other Botanicals?

It has been historically used to extract many different kinds of biomass. A common industrial application is for deacaffeinating a well-known java beverage; a cup of Joe!

It can also be used in the extraction of supplements, essential oils, hops and countless other applications.

Purity of the CO2 used in CO2 extraction

There are many grades of CO2 including industrial, food grade and medical grade. At extraktLAB, we typically use food grade CO2, but medical grade is also highly desirable. the specifications for each of these grades are published by the Compressed Gas Association or by your gas supplier.

Smallest Footprint CO2 Extractors

Size matters… at least when it comes to your equipment! We know that floor space is vitally important in determining what you can and can’t do. Our e-140 CO2 extractor is our most popular machine as it fits most facilities while providing impressive throughput.

There are situations when space is limited and every inch counts which is why our e-110 equipment is perfect when you don’t have a lot of space to work with.

  • e-110 Size: Footprint: 24 sq ft
  • Shipping Weight: 3,000 lbs
  • Dimentions (without light mast): H 72″ x L 99″ x W 34″

Essential Oils Extraction and Process Guide

Supercritical CO2 Extraction Equipment

We have the perfect machine for small, medium and large producers. Our model line makes it easy for you to scale your operations while keeping your operating costs at a minimum.

exraktLAB’s e-110

For smaller producers or research labs that need a small footprint.

extraktLAB’s e-140

For larger producers who want to scale up capacity.

extraktLAB’s e-180

For larger producers who want to scale up capacity.

Advanced Hemp & Botanical Extraction Guide

  • Why Produce CBD Oils or Botanical Extracts
  • How to Produce Botanical extracts or CBD Oil
  • Good Manufacturing Practices for Equipment & Processes
  • What Yield Can I Expect?

Are you interested in the process of extraction? We have a FREE download available for you.

Low Operating Costs Supercritical CO2 Extractor

Our Supercritical CO2 extractors are so easy to use we’ve seen one operator running NINE MACHINES at the same time!

Hemp Laboratory

Not everyone can do it, but with the right setup and additional equipment, you can completely optimize the time consuming process. Through our Turnkey Manufacturing Solutions we take all of the guesswork out of it, so don’t worry. Depending on your needs this can include:

  • Facility layout and laboratory process design
  • Solution configurations for phased growth
  • All processing equipment and extraction process, including 3rd-party laboratory tested products matched for quality and capacity
  • Documented Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for all processing steps
  • Extraction Equipment installation and training of your labor force
  • Manufacturing line commissioning to verify oil output quality
  • GMP compliance support
  • And more…

Learn More About Our Turnkey Manufacturing Solutions

Talk to our professionals about where you are and where you want to go. Doing it on your own can be overwhelming, but just remember that you are not alone. We are here to help.

Unlimited Scalability with Supercritical CO2 Extractors

As long as you have space for another one of our extractors you can keep scaling! Our product platform provides unlimited scalability to any capacity size, and in any increment for the highest flexibility and return on capital.

Read Scaling Publication

Calculate Your Hemp and Botanical Extraction Business Operating Cost

Starting a Botanical Extraction Business? Check out our Calculators and to analyze costs, estimated revenue, yield, initial investments and important metrics for your extraction business.

Ethanol vs CO2

What is the best extraction systems for your business? There are many considerations including costs, capacity and potency.

Read Extraction Method Publications

Labor Difference Between Extraction with Ethanol vs. CO2 Extraction?

The direct labor between the two techniques is essentially the same. However different configurations of equipment and different workflows can improve labor content and headcount. The concept of value-added Labor in this instance is very important.

Value added labor is the labor content that is spent by the laborer on Direct conversion of the product into something the customer values. In reality, most operations have very low value-added labor in a very high overhead component to direct labor. We suggest the use of lean techniques and value stream mapping as it will:

  • Improve workflow;
  • Reduce inventory; and
  • Reduce the headcount required to produce a unit

Read our Whitepaper

A Critical Analysis and Comparison of Ethanol and CO2 Extraction Techniques for CBD Derived from Hemp

Listen to our podcast as Dr. Jon Thompson answers your questions about extraction, processing, methodology, and other guidelines and specifications when starting a Hemp or essential oils extraction business.

What is Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Extraction?

In essence, supercritical co2 extraction is just one form of supercritical fluid extraction (SFE). This method of separation utilizes carbon dioxide, though there are other forms of SFE like ethanol that can be efficient as well.

When pressure and temperature are manipulated, the carbon dioxide used will reach a supercritical state between liquid and gas. This allows for the replacement of traditional organic solvents eliminating environmental concerns and avoiding storage and disposal concerns.

This method of SFE also allows for a higher diffusion coefficient of plant fats and waxes than liquids, greatly improving extraction efficiency. Not only that, reaching a homogenous phase after a vapor phase during the extraction process allows for the separation past the critical point. For these reasons, supercritical CO2 extraction is the SFE method of choice in cannabis extraction.

The Science Behind Supercritical CO2 Extractors

Supercritical CO2 extractors use carbon dioxide (CO2) at an elevated temperature and pressure to extract soluble compounds from natural products. Carbon dioxide above the critical temperature (31ºC) and pressure (1071 psi) becomes a supercritical fluid, which has an increased capacity for diffusion of molecules and solubilizing non-polar compounds. Raising the temperature and pressure of the liquid CO2 even further provides highly efficient extractions of oils in a short period of time.

The (ScCO2) extraction has become the preferred method for extracting CBD oils and other botanical extracts to serve markets with the most demanding standards for safety, quality, purity and consistency. It is also preferred by consumers for the same reasons, and progressive brands are boldly stating “ScCO2 extraction” on package labels.

Need a Checklist?

Here’s a startup specifications checklist to aid in your facility search. It contains additional items you should add to the list in this article.

What are Full Spectrum Extracts?

Full spectrum products are extract based products that have, as the name implies, a full spectrum of plant materials including cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids and more. While the oil is still refined into a distillate, the full spectrum of cannabinoids and terpenes, including the legally allotted amount of THC, is left in the product.

In order to keep a full spectrum product, the only things that are remediated from the extract are fats, waxes, plant chlorophylls, residual solvent and excess delta 9 THC in order to comply with regulations. This makes a pure and safe product while leaving the potential of The Entourage Effect intact.

As mentioned before, The Entourage Effect comes as a benefit from the combination of the various cannabinoids and terpenes that are in a full spectrum product. This range of plant compounds also gives a pleasant, earthy flavor and aroma. These are both desirable traits of extract derivative products that full spectrum can provide making it a highly sought after market opportunity.

Despite the fact that there is THC in a full spectrum product, there is little cause for concern for those who want to avoid the psychoactive effects of this particular cannabinoid. The legally allowed limit set by the FDA is 0.3% or less delta 9 THC in a final product making the psychoactive effects non-existent. That said, this lesser amount still plays a role in The Entourage Effect and is beneficial to a final product. The one thing to keep in mind is that the trace amounts of this cannabinoid could potentially cause a positive drug test.

Unlike isolating individual cannabinoids, the process for making full spectrum products is not as rigorous. Because the majority of the plant components are intentionally left in the product, the process of distillation is the final stop before product formulation. There is no need for adding terpenes, or any other plant compounds because of the natural formulation. This makes for a product that is made easily and is highly profitable on the market.

It’s important to know what the entourage effect is, because this chemical phenomenon will occur inside your body if you consume full spectrum CBD. As mentioned, full spectrum CBD contains a variety of cannabinoids, and it retains other plant compounds, including terpenes like caryophyllene, humulene, limonene, myrcene, pinene. They will also contain an abundance of flavonoids. These phytonutrients possess antioxidants with anti-inflammatory and immune system benefits. When these chemicals react with one another, it increases the beneficial effects of CBD.

Terpene Extraction

Terpenes have become nearly as important as the cannabinoids they accompany full spectrum products. Not only are they important to add flavor and aroma to a product, they have a number of beneficial effects on their own, and contribute to The Entourage Effect. So, we should discuss the best method to extract and collect terpenes for wholesale and product formulations.

Terpenes Have a Tendency to Degrade

The first important factor to consider when it comes to terpene extraction is that they are highly reactive and can be lost or damaged easily with little heat. While some processors will attempt terpene recovery during the extraction process, the possibility of terpene degradation is higher with certain extraction methods. This can cause a less than desirable taste and aroma to an extract when performed improperly.

How to Prevent Terpene Degradation

In order to prevent terpene degradation, there is a recommended terpene extraction method that we use. During decarboxylation, the ground hemp biomass is subjected to temperatures and pressures just high enough to allow for the conversion of the acidic cannabinoids into their active forms (CBD-A to CBD for example). During this time is one of the best times to capture terpenes.

Because the temperature needed to perform decarboxylation is less than what is performed during extraction, it can be used to collect terpenes without degrading them. This is done by adding a cold trap condenser to the vacuum oven. As the terpenes evaporate, the chilled condenser will collect them. From there, they can be reformulated into the extract down the line, or sold wholesale as a pure, organic terpene product.

Capturing terpenes in this way prevents any other compounds like cannabinoids to be co-distilled into the solution which could otherwise ruin a product that intends to have no other cannabinoids than the target cannabinoid. This is especially true if delta 9 THC is necessary to avoid.

This method also means that the cannabinoids are more soluble making the extraction process more efficient. Because 90-100% of cannabinoids are converted during this process, it is unnecessary to increase run time to ensure decarboxylation happens during extraction. So, not only is this the ideal time to capture terpenes, it is beneficial overall to the extraction process.

Need Advanced Extraction Guide?

This guide will help you get started with an overview of what you want to understand. Extracting industrial hemp plants into CBD oil is one of the fastest growing and most stable in the botanical extraction industry.

Small co2 extractor for cbd oil

Chart products are used to increase plant yields, maximize safe, non-toxic extraction of CBD oil, promote longer product shelf life and reduce waste during the packaging process.

Uncovering the Benefits of CBD Oil

Science is uncovering the benefits of cannabidiol (CBD) oil for providing pain relief and the treatment of a host of illnesses without giving users a ‘high’. Chart’s carbon dioxide products are increasingly used during the plant growing and extraction phases and our nitrogen dosers prolong product shelf-life and reduce packaging.

Increase CBD Oil Extraction Output and Grow Yields

Pressurized carbon dioxide provides the capacity to extract dozens of desirable cannabinoids, tepenes, plant waxes and flavanoids from marijuana and hemp plants. Unlike other solvents, carbon dioxide is non-flammable and produces no toxic by-products.

Enrichment of cannabis plants via supplemental carbon dioxide makes them grow around 30% faster, which increases yields and typically enables commercial growers to get another crop from the same floor space.

Supercritical CO2 Extraction

The Perma-Max™ 1400 XHP MicroBulk CO2 System and CO2 Trifecta® Gas Supply System are designed to help extractors decrease operational costs and optimize batch processes

  • Lower operating costs for oil extractors utilizing improved MAWP of 800 psig (Perma-Max 1400 XHP) and 930 psig (CO2 Trifecta)
  • Increase output by eliminating time-consuming high pressure bottle changeouts and streamlining the supply of high pressure liquid CO2 extractors

CO2 Atmospheric Enrichment

The Perma-Max™ HP and VHP models, bulk storage tanks, and Carbo Series systems can reliably improve botanical yields.

  • Better climate control vs. CO2 generators which produce heat and increase humidity
  • Safer with no open flames and no risk of carbon monoxide poisoning
Liquid Storage

Chart has a liquid storage solution for grow houses of all sizes. Our MicroBulk delivery program also means you never run out and don’t need to worry about scheduling deliveries.

Nitrogen Dosing

Nitrogen dosing is used in the packaging process to reduce the amount of oxygen in the bottle headspace. By reducing oxidization, product shelf life is improved. Pressurized nitrogen also improves container rigidity and that means less packaging.

Perma-Max™ 1400 XHP

Especially suited to botanical extraction. Gross volume of 171 gallons, gas storage capacity 11,826 scf, liquid storage capacity 1352 lbs, normal evaporation rate 0.3% and integrated 6kW Thermax electric pressure building vaporizer.

Orca™ MicroBulk Delivery System

We’ve adapted our Orca™ MicroBulk Delivery System specifically for filling the Carbo Series and Perma-Max™ CO2 tanks. The stainless steel inner vessel on this unit is protected by a high quality vacuum with super insulation for minimal heat transfer.